Friedrich von Schrötter

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Friedrich Leopold Freiherr von Schrötter (1743 – 1815) was a Junker and Prussian government minister.

Schrötter was born in Wohnsdorf near Friedland (today Kurortnoye, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia) and served in a dragoon regiment during the Seven Years' War. Appointed as minister in charge of East Prussia after the death of King Frederick the Great, he followed the free trade economic policies then coming into vogue, loosening restrictions on the grain trade in that province. He died in Berlin.

Schrötter is perhaps most famous for having quipped of the Prussian army during the reign of Frederick the Great that "Prussia was not a country with an army, but an army with a country."


The Polish city of Płock, which was annexed to the Province of East Prussia after the German invasion of Poland in 1939, was renamed Schröttersburg after von Schrötter in 1941.


Regarding personal names: Freiherr was a title, translated as Baron, not a first or middle name. Before 1919 preceding the first name, former titles are with people alive after 1919 dependent parts of the surname, thus preceding the main surname and not to be translated. The feminine forms are Freifrau and Freiin.