Narsaq Kujalleq

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Narsarmijit
Frederiksdal
Narsarmijit is located in Greenland
Narsarmijit
Narsarmijit
Location within Greenland
Coordinates: 60°00′17″N 44°39′55″W / 60.00472°N 44.66528°W / 60.00472; -44.66528Coordinates: 60°00′17″N 44°39′55″W / 60.00472°N 44.66528°W / 60.00472; -44.66528
State  Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country  Greenland
Municipality Kujalleq-coat-of-arms.svg Kujalleq
Government[1]
 • Mayor Augo Simonsen
Population (2010)
 • Total 97
Time zone UTC-03
Postal code 3922 Nanortalik

Narsarmijit (IATA: QFN),[2][3] formerly Frederiksdal, is a settlement in southern Greenland. It is located in the Kujalleq municipality. Its population is 97 as of 2010.[4] There has been a slow but steady pattern of emigration since the late 1950s.

Geography[edit]

Narsarmijit is the southernmost settlement in the country, located approximately 50 kilometers (31 mi) north of Cape Farewell, the southern cape of Greenland.[5]

History[edit]

The city is located in the area of the easternmost of the Norse settlements during their colonization of Greenland.[6] The former village of Ikigait is roughly 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) away and was the site of Herjólfr Bárðarson's farm Herjolfsnes ("Herjolf's Point"[7]).

The Moravian missionary Conrad Kleinschmidt (1768–1832)[8] founded the station of Friedrichsthal (Danish: Frederiksdal, lit. "Frederick's Valley") in 1824. The name honored Frederick VI of Denmark. The station was the Moravian's fourth, after Neu-Herrnhut (1733), Lichtenfels (1748), and Lichtenau (1774) and before Umanak (1861) and Idlorpait (1864). All the Greenland missions were surrendered to the Lutheran church in 1900.[9] In the 19th century, the area served as a prime territory for sealing.[10] Members of the settlement rescued the survivors of the ill-fated German polar expedition's Hansa in 1870.[11] In 1906, pastor Jens Chemnitz founded Greenland's first sheep farm in Narsarmijit; the industry has since moved north to the larger pastures around Narsaq.

Until December 31, 2008, the settlement belonged to the Nanortalik municipality. Since the administrative reform enacted on January 1, 2009, the settlement has been part of Kujalleq.

Transport[edit]

The village is served by the Narsarmijit Heliport. Air Greenland district helicopters link the settlement with Nanortalik, and further to Qaqortoq and Narsarsuaq.[12]

Population[edit]

Most towns and settlements in southern Greenland exhibit negative growth patterns over the last two decades, with many settlements rapidly depopulating. The population of Narsarmijit has decreased nearly a half relative to the 1990 levels, by nearly a quarter relative to the 2000 levels.[13]

Narsarmijit population dynamics
Narsarmijit population growth dynamics in the last two decades. Source: Statistics Greenland[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kujalleq Municipality (Danish)
  2. ^ The name is from the local dialect of Greenlandic. The standard Kalaallisut name Narsaq Kujalleq was used briefly. Their pre-1973 spellings were Narsamiit and Narssak Kujatdlek or Narsak. In both dialects, the name means "Dwellers from the Plains".
  3. ^ Jensen, Einar Lund & al. Monographs on Greenland: Man & Society: Cultural Encounters at Cape Farewell: The East Greenland Immigrants and the German Moravian Mission in the 19th Century. Museum Tusculanum Press, 2011. ISBN 87-635-3165-8.
  4. ^ Statistics Greenland.
  5. ^ O'Carroll, Etain & al. Greenland and the Arctic. Lonely Planet, 2005. ISBN 1-74059-095-3.
  6. ^ Fiske, John. The Discovery of America, Vol. 1. Echo Library, 2009. ISBN 1-4068-2929-3.
  7. ^ Scott, Brian M. Place-Names in the Landnámabók". Accessed 28 Apr 2012.
  8. ^ Del, Anden. "Grønland som del af den bibelske fortælling – en 1700-tals studie" ["Greenland as Part of the Biblical Narrative – a Study of the 18th-Century"]. (Danish)
  9. ^ Lüdecke, Cornelia. "East Meets West: Meteorological observations of the Moravians in Greenland and Labrador since the 18th century". History of Meteorology 2 (2005). Accessed 27 Apr 2012.
  10. ^ Kent, Kane Elisha. Arctic Explorations.
  11. ^ "The 1869/70 German North Polar Expedition".
  12. ^ "Booking system". Air Greenland. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Statistics Greenland