Friendship (1784 ship)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2012)|
|Port of registry:||Liverpool|
|Fate:||Scuttled in the Straits of Makassar in 1788.|
|Length:||75 feet (23 m)|
|Beam:||23 feet (7.0 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
A brig of 278 tons, she was among the smallest of the transports. Her Master was Francis Walton and surgeon Thomas Arndell.
Voyage to Australia
She left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787, carrying male and female convicts. The record of the number aboard varies, David Collins gave the following details in his book An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales: "The Friendship, ... of 228 tons, had on board 76 male and 21 female convicts; 1 captain, 2 lieutenants, 2 sergeants, 3 corporals, 1 drummer, and 36 privates, with 1 assistant surgeon to the colony."
The collection of the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich includes a commemorative coin featuring an image of the Friendship and the inscription 'Success to the Friendship. 1787.' and on the reverse, the inscription 'F.W.', the initials of Francis Walton master of the Friendship.
Friendship left Port Jackson on 14 July 1788 in company with Alexander. The crews of both ships were so badly affected by scurvy off the coast of Borneo that enough healthy sailors remained for only one working ship, and Friendship was scuttled in the Straits of Makassar on 28 October 1788.
The owners took legal action against the Government for the loss of the ship, which took many years.
- Collins, David (2004) . An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales. Project Gutenberg.
- "Convict ship 'Friendship'". Catalogue. Royal Museums Greenwich. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- Gillen, Mollie, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989.
- Bateson, Charles, The Convict Ships, 1787–1868, Sydney, 1974.
|This article about a specific civilian ship or boat is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|