Friendship of Salem
Friendship of Salem, docked at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site
|Name:||Friendship of Salem|
|Owner:||National Park Service|
|Builder:||Scarano Brothers Shipyard|
|Acquired:||September 1, 1998|
|Badge:||Woman in classical dress offering a bouqet of flowers|
|Class & type:||Full rigged ship|
|Length:||171 ft (52 m) bowsprit to spanker boom|
|Beam:||30 ft (9.1 m)|
|Height:||20 ft (6.1 m) keel to deck at midship|
|Decks:||main deck, 'tween deck, and holds|
|Installed power:||onboard generators|
|Propulsion:||21 sails, twin diesel engines|
|Speed:||7.2 maximum / 5.8 average knots|
|Boats & landing
|1 jolly boat|
|Complement:||25 crew, up to 45 persons|
The Friendship of Salem is a 171-foot replica of a 1797 East Indiaman, built in the Scarano Brothers Shipyard in Albany, New York, in 2000. The ship usually functions as a stationary museum during most of the year, however the ship is a fully functioning United States Coast Guard certified vessel capable of passenger and crew voyages, and will set sail during various times of the year. The Friendship of Salem is docked at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site, which is the first American National Historic Site; it is operated by the National Park Service.
The replica of Friendship was built by the National Park Service using modern materials and construction methods while retaining the appearance of the original ship. The hull is cold molded with laminated wood and epoxy.
The ship is operated by a volunteer crew under supervision of the National Park Service. Friendship sails as an ambassador ship for the Essex National Heritage Area.
In 1798, East India Marine Society Captain Israel Williams sailed the original ship from Salem harbor for Batavia. When the ship's supply of water gave out in latitude 22° 50' south, and longitude 21° 46' west, ( ) Captain Williams improvised a way to make distilled water. Friendship made 15 voyages during her career, to Batavia, India, China, South America, the Caribbean, England, Germany, the Mediterranean, and Russia; she was captured as a prize of war by the British in September 1812. The Peabody Academy of Science had as a reminder of the work of the East India Marine Society, a full-rigged model of the Friendship (1797), but the actual fate of the ship is presently unknown.
In 1831, a Salem ship of this name, Charles Endicott, master, anchored off the Sumatran town of Quallah Battoo. While Endicott and other officers were ashore engaged in the pepper trade, Malay pirates captured the ship, murdered some of her crew and looted the cargo. Most sources report her as an American merchantman of Salem; Trow (1905) calls her a whale-ship, and relates how she was recaptured with the aid of the brig Governor Endecott, also of Salem, H. H. Jenks, master. Captain Endecott returned to Salem July 16, 1831. August 19, 1831, US Navy Commodore John Downes departed New York with the frigate Potomac, her Bluejackets and Marines on the First Sumatran Expedition, to avenge the attack on Friendship – which also helped launch the diplomatic career of New Hampshire merchant Edmund Roberts.
The previous service and ultimate fate of this Friendship is presently unknown, but she is reported as having belonged to Joseph Peabody, a Salem merchant and shipowner who dominated trade between Massachusetts and the Far East for a number of years.
- Trow, Charles Edward. "Chapter XVI". The old shipmasters of Salem. New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 178ff. OCLC 4669778. "Short of Fresh Water Causes Alarm — Captain Williams's Invention to Make Salt Water Fresh — His "Still" Described by him — Notes on his Voyage — In Shoal Water."
- Trow, p.70
- Trow, Charles Edward (1905), The old shipmasters of Salem, New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, p. 121, OCLC 4669778, "...the brig Governor Endicott, of Salem, H. H. Jenks, master, and the ship James Monroe, of New York, J. Porter, master, ...at once sailed to Quallah-Battoo, to rescue Captain Endicott's ship from its captors."
- Burzynski, Don (April 3, 2006). "Pirate attack brought Marines to Sumatra". Special to the Times. Leatherneck.com. Archived from the original on 2012-06-01. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- Gleason, Hall (1937). Old Ships and Ship-Building Days of Medford. Medford, MA: J.C. Miller. pp. 30–32.
- "Designation of National Park System Units". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
- "The National Park Service Organic Act". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
- Salem Maritime National Historic Site
- Salem Friendship site
- PeregrineSea: The East Indiaman - FRIENDSHIP - 1797
- Live Webcam of Friendship and surrounding area
- Trow, Charles Edward. The old shipmasters of Salem. New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons. OCLC 4669778.