Frimley

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Frimley
FrimleyHighStreetLookingEast.jpg
High Street looking east
Frimley is located in Surrey
Frimley
Frimley
 Frimley shown within Surrey
Population 6,178 (2011 census[1])
OS grid reference SU875578
District Surrey Heath
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Camberley
Postcode district GU16
Dialling code 01276, 01252
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Surrey Heath
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°18′51″N 0°44′19″W / 51.3143°N 0.7387°W / 51.3143; -0.7387

Frimley is a small English town situated 2 miles (3 km) south of Camberley, in the extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with Hampshire in the Borough of Surrey Heath. It is about 31 miles (50 km) west south-west of Central London. The town is connected to the M3 motorway by the Blackwater Valley Road and the Frimley bypass. The village can be considered a slightly more developed twin of Frimley Green, which seceded from its parish in the 19th century.

History[edit]

The name Frimley is derived from the Saxon name Fremma's Lea, which means "Fremma's clearing". The land was owned by Chertsey Abbey from 673 to 1537 and was a farming village.[2] More recently it was a coach stop on a Portsmouth and popular Southampton road for about four hundred years.[n 1]

Frimley shown on the map The Road from London to Southampton by John Ogilby dated 1675

Frimley was not listed in Domesday Book of 1086, but is shown on the map as Fremely, its spelling in 933 AD.[3]

Frimley Lunatic Asylum was opened in 1799; it catered for both male and female patients, and received four patients from Great Fosters, Egham. Magistrates visited in 1807 and ordered the proprietors to stop chaining the patients.[4]

An 1811 inventory from Frimley Workhouse can be seen on the Surrey County Council website.

The present St. Peter's Church was built in 1837 replacing earlier buildings. The building has a balcony running around three sides of the interior. Dame Ethel Smyth once preached from the pulpit.[5]

In 1904, the Brompton Hospital Sanatorium was established in Frimley to treat tuberculosis patients; it closed in 1985. Dr Marcus Sinclair Paterson (1870–1932) was the first medical superintendent, and he developed a system of treatment called 'graduated labour' which generated a lot of interest from other health professionals. The treatment used controlled levels of physical activity.[6]

In 1931 the staff at Frimley Cottage Hospital were unable to save the life of Lieutenant Hubert Chevis, who had been admitted, along with his wife Frances, after eating poisoned partridge meat. He died of strychnine poisoning. The case remains an unsolved murder mystery.[7]

In 1959 the Cadet Training Centre at Frimley Park was formed following the 1957 publication of the Amery Report.[8]

Facilities[edit]

The White Hart now refurbished

The main shopping street includes a branch of Waitrose and some smaller shops, several restaurants, banks, charity shops, a post office, a number of estate agents, solicitors, opticians, betting shops, an insurance broker and two public houses, the Railway Arms and the White Hart. Frimley Park Hospital is situated in the town. One of the major employers in the town is BAE Systems Integrated System Technologies, which occupies a building in Lyon Way. Siemens opened its main UK headquarters in Frimley in 2007.

Frimley Park Hospital main entrance

Frimley Business Park is situated just to the west of the town on the A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road. Frimley Business Park houses offices of the Environment Agency, Genesys Telecommunications, AMD and Novartis Pharmaceuticals.

Demography[edit]

The usual number of residents in the ward, 6,178, belies the observation that this is the largest and most commercial settlement of the GU16 postcode which also covers the southernmost, Heatherside/Southcote Park, neighbourhoods Camberley of (its post town) and the distinct villages of Frimley Green, Mytchett and Deepcut.[1][9]

Industries of Work[edit]

The working population worked as set out below in the official industry categorisations in 2011:[1]

Sector % in Frimley South East UK
A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 0.1 0.7 0.8
B Mining and Quarrying 0.1 0.1 0.2
C Manufacturing 7.0 7.2 8.8
D Electricity, Gas Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 0.2 0.6 0.6
E Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 0.4 0.7 0.7
F Construction 7.2 8.0 7.7
G Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motor Cycles 14.8 15.6 15.9
H Transport and Storage 5.3 5.2 5.0
I Accommodation and Food Service Activities 4.2 5.0 5.6
J Information and Communication 6.6 5.5 4.1
K Financial and Insurance Activities 4.2 4.5 4.4
L Real Estate Activities 1.2 1.4 1.5
M Professional Scientific and Technical Activities 7.2 7.5 6.7
N Administrative and Support Service Activities 4.9 5.2 4.9
O Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security 5.1 6.0 5.9
P Education 8.1 10.1 9.9
Q Human Health and Social Work Activities 18.6 11.6 12.4
R to U (Other) 4.8 5.1 5.0

Nationality[edit]

The ward is relatively representative of the nation as a whole in terms of national identity:[1]

% of Usual Residents who stated in 2011 they had a non-British identity only Surrey Heath South East England
8.2 6.6 7.1 8.3

Economic Status[edit]

The proportions of those retired, unemployed and who were students in 2011 were extremely close to the regional average whereas those in the economically inactive (other) category were fewer:[1]

Category Frimley Surrey Heath South East England
Retired 13.6 13.5 13.7 13.7
Unemployed 3.4 2.8 3.4 4.4
Full-time Student 3.3 2.9 3.3 3.4
Economically inactive: other 1.3 1.8 1.8 2.2
Economically inactive: looking after home or family 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.4

Those who replied that there were no people in the household with English as their main language formed a proportion of the population 0.1% less than the national average.[n 2][1]

Religion[edit]

Category Frimley South East England[1]
Christian 63.1 59.8 49.4
None 23.3 27.7 24.7
Not Stated 8.0 7.4 7.2
Muslim 2.0 2.3 5.0
Hindu 1.8 1.1 1.5
Buddhist 1.2 0.5 0.5
Sikh 0.2 0.6 0.8
Jewish 0.05 0.2 0.5
Other 0.4 0.5 0.4

Transport[edit]

Frimley railway station provides access to Guildford, Ascot and London Waterloo. Frimley Lodge Park Railway (a tourist attraction) is also nearby.

Frimley railway station

The town is situated close to the junction of the A325 Farnborough Road and A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road, which provides a link to the M3 Motorway junction 4.

Education[edit]

There are a number of schools in Frimley including: The Grove Primary School, Lakeside Primary School, Ravenscote Junior School, Tomlinscote School and St Augustine's RC Primary School.

Sport[edit]

Frimley Town Football Club was formed over 100 years ago. It runs four teams, and the first team competes in the Senior Division of the Aldershot & District Football League. The club is based at Chobham Road recreation ground.[10]

Frimley Green, a neighbouring village, has hosted the British Darts Organisation’s (BDO) World Professional Darts Championship since 1986 each January in the Lakeside complex.

Famous people[edit]

Births[edit]

John Singer Sargent: Ethel Smyth lived in the town

Residents[edit]

Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragette grew up in nearby Frimley Green and later purchased One Oak Cottage in Frimley. Her family moved to Frimley Green in 1867 when her father was given command of the Royal Artillery at Aldershot.[15] Daphne du Maurier wrote most of her fourth novel, Jamaica Inn, in 1935 in Frimley where her soldier husband Frederick (Boy) Browning was based.[16]

Deaths[edit]

Notable people buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's Church, Frimley[5] include:

Literary mentions[edit]

In one of the Just William books by Richmal Crompton, William visits an aunt in Frimley for a few days.[18]

Charles Kingsley refers to "a series of letters on the Frimley murder" in his Alton Locke, Tailor and Poet.[19]

There is a brief mention of Frimley in Stephen King's Nightmares & Dreamscapes in the short story Crouch End. It reads: 'He did indeed move into council housing, a two-above-the-shops in Frimley'.

In The Reminiscences of Sir Henry Hawkins (Baron Brampton), chapter 18 tells of the trial of a bricklayer who, in a prize fight on Frimley Common, unfortunately killed his opponent. He appeared in court dressed as a young clergyman and was found innocent of the manslaughter charge because of doubts over his identity.[20]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ The alternative London-Southampton road passed by Chobham Common which had more highwaymen than the A30 and from West Middx, Bucks, Berks, Oxon and the Midlands this formed a popular Portsmouth Road also, linking to the most direct one from London via Guildford to Portsmouth.
  2. ^ 4.3% compared to 4.4% nationally
References
  1. ^ a b c d e f g 2011 Census
  2. ^ Surrey Heath Borough Council (2005). "History of Surrey Heath". surreyheath.gov.uk. Retrieved 2006-05-19. 
  3. ^ John Garnons Williams (2000-09-10). Surrey Domesday Book "Domesday Sudrie (Surrey) - The Domesday entries for and the meanings of the Domesday place-names appearing on the Surrey historical map". Domesday Collection. Retrieved 2007-08-26. 
  4. ^ Andrew Roberts (2002). "Part of the Asylums Index: South East England". The Lunacy Commission, a study of its origin, emergence and character. Archived from the original on 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2006-05-20. 
  5. ^ a b The Parish Office. "St Peter's Church". The Parish of Frimley. Retrieved 2006-05-20. 
  6. ^ Julie Tancell (2001). "National Heart and Lung Institute". AIM25: Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine. Retrieved 2006-05-20. 
  7. ^ "Fatal poisoning of Lieutenant Chevis". Open University. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "History". Sussex Army Cadet Force. 2003. Retrieved 2006-05-20. 
  9. ^ http://www.google.co.uk/maps
  10. ^ Pete Bass (2006). "Frimley Town FC - 2005/06". Web-Teams. Retrieved 2006-05-20. 
  11. ^ "Cricinfo - Players and Officials - James Cobbett". cricinfoengland. 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-19. 
  12. ^ "Jonny Wilkinson: A Who2 Profile". WHO2?. 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-19. 
  13. ^ "The Toby Flood interview". BBC Tyne. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  14. ^ "Chris Benham, England". Cricinfo - County Cricket 2008. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  15. ^ "Ethel Smyth (1858-1944)". Literary Encyclopedia. 2004. Retrieved 2006-05-19. 
  16. ^ Ann Willmore (2002). "Review of Jamaica Inn". Daphne du Maurier Book Reviews. Retrieved 2006-05-24. 
  17. ^ "Bret Harte - Biography and Works". The Literature Network. 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-19. 
  18. ^ Gert (2003). "Comments". mad musings of me. Retrieved 2007-02-18. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Alton Locke, Tailor And Poet by Rev. Charles Kingsley et al. - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/10)". FullTextArchive. Retrieved 2006-05-23. 
  20. ^ Brampton, Henry Hawkins (1904-08-17). "XVIII. The Prize-Fight on Frimley Common". In Richard Harris, K.C. The Reminiscences Of Sir Henry Hawkins (Baron Brampton). Retrieved 2008-10-11. 

External links[edit]