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Fringe Dwellers are groups of Aboriginal Australians who camp on the outskirts of Australian towns and cities, from which they have become excluded, generally through law or land alienation. Fringe Dwellers are also referred to as "Long Grassers" in contemporary times, especially in Northern Australia where year-long warm weather conditions allow itinerant Aborigines to live indefinitely on the outskirts of towns without official places of residence.
The Fringe Dwellers is the title of a 1986 Australian film about this group of people, directed by Bruce Beresford. It was based on the novel of the same title by Nene Gare. Indigenous activist, poet, and educator Oodgeroo Noonuccal (previously known as Kath Walker) was an actor in and script adviser for the film.