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Fringilla coelebs chaffinch male edit2.jpg
Male common chaffinch
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Infraorder: Passerida
Superfamily: Passeroidea
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Fringillinae
Genus: Fringilla
Linnaeus, 1758

The genus Fringilla is a small group of finches from the Old World, which are the only species in the subfamily Fringillinae. The three species are:

The common chaffinch is found primarily in forest habitats, in Europe, North Africa, and western Asia; the blue chaffinch is an island endemic; and the brambling is breeds in the northern taiga and southern tundra of Eurasia.[1]

They are about the same size, 15 centimetres (5.9 in), and are similar in shape.[1] These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings.[2] They are not as specialised as the other finches, eating both insects and seeds. While breeding, they feed their young on insects rather than seeds, unlike the other finches.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Newton, Ian (1973). Finches. New Naturalist 55. New York: Taplinger. ISBN 0-8008-2720-1. 
  2. ^ Clement, Peter; Harris, Alan; Davis, John (1993). Finches and Sparrows. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-03424-9. 

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