Fritillaria camschatcensis

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Kamchatka lily
Fritillaria camtschatcensis ssp. alpina 02.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Fritillaria
Species: F. camschatcensis
Binomial name
Fritillaria camschatcensis
(L.) Ker-Gawl.
Synonyms[1]
  • Amblirion camschatcense (L.) Sweet
  • Fritillaria camschatcensis f. flavescens (Makino) T.Shimizu
  • Fritillaria camschatcensis var. flavescens Makino
  • Fritillaria saranna Stejneger
  • Lilium camschatcense L.
  • Lilium nigrum Siebold
  • Lilium quadrifoliatum E.Mey. ex C.Presl
  • Sarana edulis Fisch. ex Baker

Fritillaria camschatcensis is a species of fritillary native to northeastern Asia and northwestern North America, including northern Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, Alaska, northern Japan, and the Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands).[2] It has many common names, typically Kamchatka fritillary or Kamchatka lily.

It is also called rice lily, northern rice-root, or (misleadingly) "Indian rice" or "wild rice", because of the rice-like bulblets that form around its roots. It is also sometimes known as skunk lily, dirty diaper and outhouse lily because of the flower's unpleasant smell.

Yet another vernacular name is "chocolate lily" because of its brown color, but that term is also applied to Fritillaria biflora (in California) or to the distantly related Arthropodium strictum whose flowers smell of chocolate.

Description[edit]

Fritillaria camschatcensis produces bulbs with several large fleshy scales, similar to those of commercially cultivated garlic. Leaves are lanceolate, up to 10 cm long, borne in whorls along the stem. Stem is up to 60 cm tall, with flowers at the top. Flowers are spreading or nodding (hanging downwards), dark brown, sometimes mottled with yellow.[3][4][5][6]

Uses[edit]

Fritillaria camschatcensis produces starchy bulbs, often eaten by various wild animals and also by the Indigenous peoples of the region. In 2012 there was a small movement to revive the use of plant in British Columbia by West Coast First Nations.[7]

References and external links[edit]