Fritillaria pyrenaica

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Pyrenean fritillary
Fritillaria pyrenaica1JUSA.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Fritillaria
Species: F. pyrenaica
Binomial name
Fritillaria pyrenaica
L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Fritillaria aquitanica Mill.
  • Fritillaria linophylla Doumenjou ex Nyman
  • Fritillaria lurida Salisb.
  • Fritillaria nervosa Willd.
  • Fritillaria nigra Mill.
  • Fritillaria pyrenaea Gren.
  • Fritillaria pyrenaica var. lutescens Lindl. ex Baker
  • Fritillaria tardiflora Lehm. ex Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Fritillaria umbellata Mill.

Fritillaria pyrenaica is a species of flowering plant in the family Liliaceae, native to the Pyrenees in Spain and France.[2] Common names include Pyrenean fritillary.[3] It is a bulbous perennial growing to 45 cm (18 in). The pendent, bell-shaped flowers are borne in spring. They have recurved tepals[4] which are purple tinged with brown and yellow.[2] Like other species in this genus, notably F. meleagris, they are strongly chequered.[4]

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

Subspecies[edit]

Two subspecies are currently recognized:[1][5]

Fritillaria pyrenaica subsp. boissieri (Costa) Vigo & Valdés[6]

Fritillaria pyrenaica subsp. pyrenaica

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Plant List
  2. ^ a b Cheers, G. and H. F. Ullmann. Botanica: The Illustrated A-Z of Over 10,000 Garden Plants and how to Cultivate Them. Könemann im Tandem. 2004. p. 384. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
  3. ^ a b Fritillaria pyrenaica. Royal Horticultural Society.
  4. ^ a b RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  5. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Fritillaria pyrenaica subsp. boissieri
  6. ^ Vigo Bonada, Josep & Valdés, Benito. 2004. Willdenowia 34: 64.