Fritz Cronman

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Fritz Cronman
COA family sv Cronman.svg
Occupation Diplomat
Title Major
Parents Hans Detterman Cronman
Relatives Joachim Cronman, brother
Johan Cronman, nephew
Joachim von Rohr, nephew

Fritz Cronman (circa 1640 - circa 1680) was a Major for the Swedish Empire in the late 17th century, and the Swedish diplomat to the Tsardom of Russia from 1668 to 1669.[1][2] His extant diary and letters contain detailed information on the court of Ivan V of Russia.[3]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Swedish Livonia to Hans Detterman Croman.[2][4] He participated in the border commission with Russia in Keksholm, but the negotiations ended when the Russian commissioners walked out on the talks. On September 26, 1668 he was appointed as the Swedish diplomat to the Tsardom of Russia under Ivan V of Russia.[1] On October 8, 1668 he sailed to Finland and then traveled overland to Narva. On November 10, 1668 he arrived at the Russian border at Orlina, where he was escorted to Novgorod. In his letter from Novgorod to the Swedish government he writes: "Russians inevitably must be impelled to such unusual höflighetsbetygelser either under pressure from the enemy side or from fear of his friends." He arrived in Moscow on December 28, 1668. His Swedish entourage consisted of 35 people.[1][5] While in Russia, he made a copy of the Godunov map,[6][7][8] one of two extant copies, the original by Petr Ivanovich Godunov having not survived. He married Christina Ottiliana Börner and had a daughter, Charlotta Cronman, who married Henrik Gotthard von Buddenbrock (1648-1727).[9] Charlotta and Henrick had as their son, Henrik Magnus Buddenbrock.[4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Svenska historiska föreningen (1896). Historisk tidskrift, Volume 16 (in Swedish). "Överstelöjtnant Fritz Cronman, en livländare, som bade deltagit i en gränsekommission med ryssarne i Keksholm, hvilken dock blifvit afbruten på grund af de ryska kommissariernas plötsliga afresa under ännu pågående förhandlingar, fick af svenska regeringen samma år, den 26 september 1668, uppdrag att såsom extra ordinarie envoyé afgå till Ryssland. Den 8 oktober afreste han sjöledes till Finland och därefter landvägen till Narva. ..." 
  2. ^ a b Anders Anton von Stiernman, Johan Adam Rehbinder Carl Fredric Rothlieb, and Carl Gustaf Kröningssvärd (1754). Matrikel öfwer Swea rikes ridderskap och adel (in Swedish). p. 579. "Fritz Cronman ..." 
  3. ^ Heinz E. Ellersieck (1955). Russia under Aleksei Mikhailovich and Feodor Alekseevich, 1645-1682. University of California. 
  4. ^ a b Gabriel Anrep (1858). Svenska adelns ättar-taflor (in Swedish). "Fritz Cronman ..." 
  5. ^ Peter Wieselgren, Johan Gabriel Collin, and Christopher Eichhorn (1881). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). "Den svenska beskickningen, utgörande 36 personer utom envoyén Cronman, tillryggalade vägen från Narva till Moskva från den 8 till 28 December 1668. Såsom tolk tjenstgjorde en köpman från Narva; beskickningens sekreterare, Sam. Eosander (sedan adl. Göthe) kunde äfven ryska. ..." 
  6. ^ Deutsche geographische Blätter (in German). Geographische Gesellschaft Bremen. 1888. "Im Gefolge des Gesandten, Fritz Cronman, befand sich ein Festungsingenieur das Johansson Prytz, welcher die ihm zur Ansicht mitgeteilte Karte über das Grofsfürstentum Sibirien heimlich kopiert hat. Von den beiden Kopien ist die eine koloriert, wie es scheint, nur des gefälligen Aussehens halber. Im übrigen stimmen beide bis auf eine merkwürdige Verschiedenheit in der Angabe des Mafsstabes und bis auf einige kleinere unbedeutende Abweichungen mit einander überein." 
  7. ^ Laura Hostetler. Qing colonial enterprise: ethnography and cartography in early modern China. "... The other was made by Fritz Cronman." 
  8. ^ Isis, Volume 4. History of Science Society, Académie internationale d'histoire des sciences. 1922. "A copy made by the Swedish envoy to Russia, Fritz Cronman (or Kroneman) in 1669, is reproduced. ..." 
  9. ^ "Charlotta Cronman". Retrieved 2009-11-03. "Henrik Gotthard von Buddenbrock, born 1648, died 10 March 1727, married 1stly Charlotta Cronman (died after 1708), daughter of Fritz Cronman and Christina Ottilia Börner; and 2ndly Dorotea Albedyl (born 1669), daughter of Otto Reinhold Albedyl till Soor and Hedvig Anna von Wulffen."