20 March 1881|
|Died||29 August 1945
|Parents||Robert Pfleumer (1848–1934)
Minna, née Hünich (1846–1932)
|Significant design||Magnetic tape|
Fritz was born as the son of Robert and Minna, née Hünich. His father Robert (1848–1934) was born in Greiz, and his mother Minna (1846–1932) was born in Freiberg. Fritz had five siblings – Mimi, Hans, Hermann, Otto, and Mizi, one of whom, Hans, emigrated to the USA.
Pfleumer had developed a process for putting metal stripes on cigarette papers, and reasoned that he could similarly coat a magnetic stripe, to be used as an alternative to wire recording. In 1927, after experimenting with various materials, Pfleumer used very thin paper which he coated with iron oxide powder using lacquer as glue. He received a patent in 1928.
On 1 December 1932 Pfleumer granted AEG the right to use his invention when building the world's first practical tape recorder, called Magnetophon K1. It was first demonstrated at the IFA in 1935.
- Eric D. Daniel, C. Denis Mee, and Mark H. Clark (1998). Magnetic Recording: The First 100 Years. Wiley-IEEE. ISBN 0-7803-4709-9.
- Archiv der Stadt Salzburg, Heimatstammbuch, Blatt „Pfleumer, Robert“ (without date, last entry on 13 June 1934, when Robert Pfleumer died)
- Hannes Seidl. "Verstärkung, Aufzeichnung und Synthese Einfluss elektronischer Mittler und Klangerzeuger auf Live-Musik, Diplom dissertation, 2nd chapter" (PDF).
- History Department at the University of San Diego. "Magnetic Recording History Pictures".
- videopreservation.conservation-us.org – Museum of Historic Video Equipment – Beginnings of Magnetic Recording – Audio, 1920–30s
- A Critical History of Computer Graphics and Animation by Wayne Carlson, Ohio State University
- The History of Magnetic Recording by Steven Schoenherr, University of San Diego 2002 Retrieved 2011-12-17
- Fritz Pfleumer – German biography of Pfleumer from a local (Dresden) point of view
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