Fritz Schaudinn

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Fritz Schaudinn
Fritz Richard Schaudinn.png
Fritz Schaudinn
Born 19 September 1871
Röseningken, East Prussia
Died 22 June 1906
Hamburg
Nationality Germany
Fields zoologist
Known for syphilis

Fritz Richard Schaudinn (19 September 1871 – 22 June 1906) was a German zoologist

Born in Röseningken, East Prussia, he co-discovered, with Erich Hoffmann in 1905, the causative agent of syphilis, Spirochaeta pallida (also known as Treponema pallidum).[1] The work was carried out at the Berlin Charité.

Among Schaudinn's other contributions to medicine include his work in the field of amoebic dysentery and sleeping sickness, his confirmation of the work of Sir Ronald Ross and Giovanni Battista Grassi (1854–1925) in the field of malaria research. He also demonstrated that human hookworm infection is contracted through the skin of the feet. He made noted contributions to zoology and was one of the developers of protozoology as an experimental science. Schaudinn was a graduate in zoology of the Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin. Since 2002 an annual medical prize has been awarded in his name.

In 1898 with zoologist Fritz Römer (1866-1909), he participated on a scientific trip to Svalbard. Results of the expedition led to publication of Fauna Arctica, a project on Arctic fauna begun by Schaudinn and Römer and continued by August Brauer (1863–1917) and Walther Arndt (1891–1944).[2][3][4]

Schaudinn died during his journey back to Germany from an International Medicine Meeting in Lisbon, when he underwent an urgent surgery aboard due to gastrointestinal amebian abscesses. Such amebian infection had probably been voluntarily acquired when he did research on amoebas. Schaudinn was a little under 35 years of age when he died in Hamburg.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fritz Richard Schaudinn, Erich Hoffmann: Vorläufiger Bericht über das Vorkommen von Spirochaeten in syphilitischen Krankheitsprodukten und bei Papillomen. Arbeiten aus dem kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamtes (Berlin), vol. 22, pp. 527–534, 1905.
  2. ^ Arctic, VOL. 41, NO, 3 (September 1988) P. 203-214
  3. ^ WorldCat Identities Fauna arctica
  4. ^ [1] Smithsonian Institution] Fauna arctica
  • Brath, Klaus (June 2006). "[100 years ago died Fritz Schaudinn, discoverer of the syphilis agent: unrecognized in his own country]". MMW Fortschritte der Medizin 148 (23): 68. PMID 16826746. 
  • Kohl, P K; Winzer I (February 2005). "[The 100 years since discovery of Spirochaeta pallida]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete 56 (2): 112–5. doi:10.1007/s00105-004-0892-3. PMID 15657727. 
  • Mollenhauer, D (October 2000). "Founder of "Archiv für Protistenkunde": Fritz Schaudinn – his unfinished life". Protist 151 (3): 283–7. doi:10.1078/1434-4610-00026. PMID 11079773. 
  • McCarthy, J T (March 1991). "A day with an immortal". Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner 47 (3): 155–6. PMID 2022121. 
  • Klingmüller, G (December 1983). "[Treponema pallidum or Spirochaeta pallida?]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete 34 (12): 628–31. PMID 6363355. 
  • Hesse, P G (1983). "[F.R. Schaudinn and his work]". Przeglad dermatologiczny 70 (3): 303–6. PMID 6364245. 
  • Pastinszky, I (June 1981). "[On the 75th anniversary of the death of Fritz Richard Schaudinn]". Orvosi hetilap 122 (24): 1465–7. PMID 7027128. 
  • Longo, L D (November 1978). "Classic pages in obstetrics and gynecology. Vorläufiger Bericht über das Vorkommen von Spirochaeten in syphilitischen Krankheitsprodukten und bei Papillomen. Fritz Richard Schaudinn and Erich Hoffmann. Arbeiten aus dem kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamtes (Berlin), vol. 22, pp. 527–534, 1905". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 132 (5): 571–2. PMID 362923. 
  • Spier, H W (December 1972). "[In memoriam Fritz Schaudinn (1871–1906): discoverer of Spirochaeta pallida]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete 23 (12): 563–5. PMID 4567889. 
  • Hesse, P G (November 1972). "[Fritz Schaudinn, life and work]". Das Deutsche Gesundheitswesen 27 (45): 2153–6. PMID 4568283. 
  • Schaudinn, L (April 1972). "[100th birthday of Fritz Schaudinn]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete 23 (4): 191–2. PMID 4558722. 
  • Sönnichsen, N (February 1972). "[100th anniversary of Fritz Richard Schaudinn]". Dermatologische Monatsschrift 158 (2): 73–7. PMID 4556295. 
  • Thorburn, A L (December 1971). "Fritz Richard Schaudinn, 1871–1906: protozoologist of syphilis". The British journal of venereal diseases 47 (6): 459–61. doi:10.1136/sti.47.6.459. PMC 1048259. PMID 4946151. 
  • Hesse, P G (June 1967). "[Fritz Schaudinn as literary model]". Praxis 56 (26): 910–2. PMID 4891845. 
  • Kenéz, J (July 1966). "[Who discovered the causative agent of syphilis? (Fritz Schaudinn)]". Orvosi hetilap 107 (31): 1477–80. PMID 5329177. 
  • "SCHAUDINN, PROTOZOOLOGIST OF SYPHILIS". JAMA 192: 635–6. May 1965. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03080200053021. PMID 14289435. 
  • GRITSKEVICH, V P (March 1961). "[Friedrich SCHAUDINN.]". Vestnik dermatologii i venerologii 35: 68–70. PMID 13708804. 
  • HARTMANN, M (November 1955). "[My connection with F. Schaudinn and his work.]". Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. 1. Abt. Medizinisch-hygienische Bakteriologie, Virusforschung und Parasitologie. Originale 164 (1–5): 13–4. PMID 13371807. 
  • HARTMANN, M (November 1955). "[In memory of Fritz Schaudinn.]". Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. 1. Abt. Medizinisch-hygienische Bakteriologie, Virusforschung und Parasitologie. Originale 164 (1–5): 5–12. PMID 13371806. 
  • REICHENOW, E (October 1951). "[In memoriam Fritz Schaudinn.]". Zeitschrift für Tropenmedizin und Parasitologie 3 (2): 139–44. PMID 14932249. 

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