Front Algérie Française
In a short time, the organisation had 400,000 members and by November 1960 this had grown to a million of which 40% were Muslims, although this is disputed and what Muslim members there were had left by December. Its core membership were Pieds noirs and the Harkis.
On November 11, 1961, a demonstration called by the Front degenerated into violence. A few weeks later, the Front called for the visit of the president Charles de Gaulle to be violently opposed and for the army to mutiny against the government's orders.