Location of Frontenac, Kansas
|• Total||5.06 sq mi (13.11 km2)|
|• Land||4.97 sq mi (12.87 km2)|
|• Water||0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)|
|Elevation||955 ft (291 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,459|
|• Density||691.5/sq mi (267.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0469741|
During the last decade of the nineteenth century and in the early twentieth century the town was populated primarily by immigrant families from eastern and southeastern Europe, predominantly Sicilian, Italian, and Italian and Slavic people from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Its maximum population neared 4,000. It housed various ethnic lodges and drinking parlors despite the state's increasingly severe ban on the distribution, sale, and manufacture of alcoholic beverages.
Coal mining remained the town's occupational base until World War II, when its economy began to change, as did the entire region's.
Frontenac is located at  in the Cherokee Lowlands. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.06 square miles (13.11 km2), of which, 4.97 square miles (12.87 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.(37.454465, -94.695185)
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,437 people, 1,391 households, and 893 families residing in the city. The population density was 691.5 inhabitants per square mile (267.0 /km2). There were 1,519 housing units at an average density of 305.6 per square mile (118.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 1,391 households of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.8% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00.
The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,996 people, 1,230 households, and 783 families residing in the city.currently as of 2004 the population is 3,079 . The population density was 755.6 people per square mile (291.4/km²). There were 1,329 housing units at an average density of 335.2 per square mile (129.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.70% White, 0.20% African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.
There were 1,230 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,558, and the median income for a family was $42,214. Males had a median income of $30,474 versus $21,163 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,349. About 4.4% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.
Festa Italiana, an annual Italian festival to celebrate the city's heritage. Festa Italiana is held at Raider Sports Complex each fall. Nearly 3,000 people attend Festa yearly.
Parks and recreation
The city has a park, a municipal swimming pool and sports complex, a playground.
Frontenac is governed by a city council and mayor. Each is elected every two years. James Kennedy has served as mayor since 1997.
Primary and secondary education
Frontenac is served by Unified School District 249. The district serves primarily east-central Crawford County, and parts of west-central Barton County, Missouri. It consists of three schools in the city of Frontenac:
- Frontenac High School, 201 S. Crawford
- Frontenac Middle School, 201 S. Cayuga
- Frank Layden Elementary School, 200 E. Lanyon
All high school athletic and non-athletic competition is overseen by the Kansas State High School Activities Association. For the 2012/2013 seasons, the football team competes as Class 4A.
- Fort Scott Community College - Frontenac Campus.
- Harley Davidson Technician Training Center.
- John Deere Technology Center.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- http://www.kshs.org/p/kansas-historical-quarterly-former-mining-communities/13222 "Former Mining Communities of the Cherokee-Crawford Coal Field of Southeastern Kansas"
- History of Frontenac (City of Frontenac website)
- "Mine Disaster Victims. Further particulars of the appalling accident." Lima Daily Democratic Times, November 12, 1888. Quoted in Pittsburg, KS Mining Disaster — GenDisasters.net.
- Nikki Patrick, "Today is anniversary of mine disaster." Pittsburg Morning Sun, November 9, 2008. At first it was estimated that more than 100 of the 164 miners in the shaft had been killed, but historians believe the final toll to be only 44.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Festa Italiana
- City of Frontenac
- USD 249
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- USD 249, local school district