Frontenac, Kansas

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Frontenac, Kansas
City
Location of Frontenac, Kansas
Location of Frontenac, Kansas
Coordinates: 37°27′16″N 94°41′43″W / 37.45444°N 94.69528°W / 37.45444; -94.69528Coordinates: 37°27′16″N 94°41′43″W / 37.45444°N 94.69528°W / 37.45444; -94.69528
Country United States
State Kansas
County Crawford
Area[1]
 • Total 5.06 sq mi (13.11 km2)
 • Land 4.97 sq mi (12.87 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
Elevation 955 ft (291 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,437
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,459
 • Density 691.5/sq mi (267.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66763
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-24850[4]
GNIS feature ID 0469741[5]
Website www.FrontenacKS.net

Frontenac is the second largest city in Crawford County, southeastern Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,437.[6]

History[edit]

Frontenac was established as a coal mining town in 1886 in the Cherokee-Crawford Coal Fields in the western Ozark Plateau.[7][8][9]

A post office was opened in Frontenac in 1887, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1957.[10]

On the night of November 9, 1888, Frontenac had the worst mining disaster in Kansas history,[11] when a coal dust explosion[12] killed 44[13] miners.

During the last decade of the nineteenth century and in the early twentieth century the town was populated primarily by immigrant families from eastern and southeastern Europe, predominantly Sicilian, Italian, and Italian and Slavic people from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Its maximum population neared 4,000. It housed various ethnic lodges and drinking parlors despite the state's increasingly severe ban on the distribution, sale, and manufacture of alcoholic beverages.[citation needed]

Coal mining remained the town's occupational base until World War II, when its economy began to change, as did the entire region's.

Geography[edit]

Frontenac is located at 37°27′16″N 94°41′43″W / 37.45444°N 94.69528°W / 37.45444; -94.69528 (37.454465, -94.695185)[14] in the Cherokee Lowlands. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.06 square miles (13.11 km2), of which, 4.97 square miles (12.87 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Frontenac has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 2,588
2000 2,996 15.8%
2010 3,437 14.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,437 people, 1,391 households, and 893 families residing in the city. The population density was 691.5 inhabitants per square mile (267.0 /km2). There were 1,519 housing units at an average density of 305.6 per square mile (118.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 1,391 households of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.8% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,996 people, 1,230 households, and 783 families residing in the city.currently as of 2004 the population is 3,079 . The population density was 755.6 people per square mile (291.4/km²). There were 1,329 housing units at an average density of 335.2 per square mile (129.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.70% White, 0.20% African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 1,230 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,558, and the median income for a family was $42,214. Males had a median income of $30,474 versus $21,163 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,349. About 4.4% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Area events[edit]

"Festa Italiana, A Taste of Nations" is an annual festival held to celebrate the city's heritage. It hosts many different cooks, and patrons can sample foods from family recipes ranging from many different European heritages. Festa Italiana is held near the Frontenac Sports Complex each fall. Nearly 3,000 people attend Festa yearly.[16]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The city is home to several parks and thriving recreation.

Frontenac Rotary Park is located east of downtown Frontenac, and is filled with state-of-the-art playground equipment, a skate park, and shelter houses for gatherings.

Frontenac City Park is located on the north edge of town, and is great for walking and fishing, home to several deep fishing pits.

Frontenac Sports Complex, located on the east end of town, is home to a brand new football stadium & track, several baseball & softball diamonds, and a cross-country path. The sports complex is home to the Raiders & Lady Raiders for football, baseball, softball, cross-country, and track & field.

Frontenac Municipal Swimming Pool is located east of Rotary Park and is ideal for the whole family to enjoy.

Frontenac Recreation Center is located in downtown Frontenac, and has state-of-the-art lifting & running machines, in addition to free-weights and biking machines. Citizens can get access cards by joining at City Hall.

Senior Citizens Center, located north of downtown Frontenac, is a community center available to rent for parties.

Government[edit]

Frontenac is governed by a city council and mayor. Each is elected every two years. James Kennedy has served as mayor since 1997.[17]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Frontenac is served by Unified School District 249.[18] The district serves primarily east-central Crawford County, and parts of west-central Barton County, Missouri. It consists of three schools in the city of Frontenac:

  • Frontenac High School, 201 S. Crawford
  • Frontenac Middle School, 201 S. Cayuga
  • Frank Layden Elementary School, 200 E. Lanyon

All high school athletic and non-athletic competition is overseen by the Kansas State High School Activities Association. For the 2012/2013 seasons, the football team competes as Class 4A. The mascot is the Raider & Lady Raider, and the colors are black, silver, & white.

Higher education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 10, 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.kshs.org/p/kansas-historical-quarterly-former-mining-communities/13222 "Former Mining Communities of the Cherokee-Crawford Coal Field of Southeastern Kansas"
  8. ^ http://www.kgs.ku.edu/Publications/Bulletins/24/index.html
  9. ^ http://www.kancoll.org/khq/1972/72_2_powell.htm
  10. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  11. ^ History of Frontenac (City of Frontenac website)
  12. ^ "Mine Disaster Victims. Further particulars of the appalling accident." Lima Daily Democratic Times, November 12, 1888. Quoted in Pittsburg, KS Mining Disaster — GenDisasters.net.
  13. ^ Nikki Patrick, "Today is anniversary of mine disaster." Pittsburg Morning Sun, November 9, 2008. At first it was estimated that more than 100 of the 164 miners in the shaft had been killed, but historians believe the final toll to be only 44.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Frontenac, Kansas
  16. ^ Festa Italiana
  17. ^ City of Frontenac
  18. ^ USD 249

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps