|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||1|
|No. of episodes||39|
|Running time||30 minutes|
|Picture format||Black and white (1958-1959)|
|Original run||September 26, 1958 – June 3, 1959|
Frontier Doctor follows the exploits of a small town physician, Dr. Bill Baxter, who rides in a buggy with his black bag and encounters more than his share of trouble as he aids many who cross his path. Operating from the fictitious town of "Rising Springs", Dr. Baxter often finds difficulty with his patients, such as the outlaw Butch Cassidy. Allen was a native of Willcox, Arizona, and the program is set in the Arizona Territory. Several actors appear occasionally on the program, including Stafford Repp as Sheriff Brawley.
A veteran Western movie actor and singer, Allen knew the genre, but this series failed to attract viewers. Speculation persists that Dr. Baxter was detached as a character and that Allen, an otherwise talented raconteur, delivered his lines in a bland fashion.
In the 1958 episode "The Outlaw Legion", Dr. Baxter discovers that the men he is treating in a remote cabin are Butch Cassidy and members of the Hole in the Wall Gang Native Canadian Joe Sawyer portrayed a boorish Cassidy. Doris Singleton, who previously was cast in a supporting role on CBS's I Love Lucy sitcom, appeared as Laura, Cassidy's unhappy girlfriend who saves Dr. Baxter's life and tries to put her shady past behind her. Michael Ansara of Law of the Plainsman, appeared as Will Carver, a Cassidy henchman.
In "Queen of the Cimarron" (1958), Jean Willes portrays Fancy Varden, the owner of the Golden Slipper saloon, who starts her own cattle ranch with animals infected with anthrax. The disease soon spread from the cattle to the cowhands. Glenn Strange, known as the character Sam Noonan, the bartender on Gunsmoke, and a cousin of Rex Allen, played the rancher Pat Cafferty. Also appearing in this episode are Robert Karnes as Marshal Dunham, Gregory Walcott as Red Redmond, and Harry Harvey, Jr., as Sam, one of the ill cowboys.
In "The Twisted Road" (1959), two young women are strangled to death shortly after a brother and sister, Stan and Hester Gray, played by Robert Vaughn and Virginia Christine, arrive in Rising Springs. Stan is soon suspected in the slayings, but there is a surprise ending. Chubby Johnson was cast as Sheriff Ed Wilson, with Malcolm Atterbury as the father of one of the victims, Mary Ross. Alan Dinehart, III, who played Bat Masterson in thirty-four episodes of ABC's The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp, was cast in this episode as Miller.
In "Gringo Pete" (1959), Don Oreck portrayed the lead as an outlaw who pledges to surrender his gang to law enforcement officers in exchange for parole. Instead "Gringo Pete" resumes his life of lawlessness and dares the authorities. Ted de Corsia appears in this episode as Charlie Breen.
John Ashley, prior to his role on ABC's Straightaway, was cast in the 1959 episode, "Elkton Lake Feud", the story of a lingering dispute between two families over the ownership of the lake and the unwillingness of the losing side in court to accept the legal finding.
In the series finale, "Flaming Gold", Dr. Baxter while returning from a medical convention stops off in Richville to visit a former patient and friend, a lawyer. As it develops, the lawyer while arguing a case against an oil company, died under mysterious circumstances. Baxter suspects that the company is responsible for the lawyer's death so that the junior partner, Hamilton (Mark Dana), who lacks experience in such matters, will take over the case. Gloria Winters of the syndicated aviation adventure series Sky King made her next-to-the-last career television appearance in this episode as a waitress in Richville.
Other guest stars
- Jack Albertson as J. B. Drummond, Lee Van Cleef as Deputy Sid Carver, aka Bill Dalton, and Tyler McVey as Sheriff Ed Wilson, in "The Great Stagecoach Robbery" (1958)
- Chris Alcaide as Ed Slater in "Broken Barrier" (1959)
- Diane Brewster as Marian Dell in "Law of the Badlands" (1959)
- Jean Carson as Flo Warren in "The Big Frame Up" (1959)
- Mary Castle, formerly of Stories of the Century, appeared, along with Carleton G. Young, in "The Big Gamblers" and "The Confidence Gang" (both 1959).
- Mason Alan Dinehart as Lonnie Davis in "The Homesteaders" and as Miller in "The Twisted Road" (both 1959)
- Ann Doran as Ma 'Dallas' Bell in "Drifting Sands" (1959)
- Francis De Sales as Tom Lynch in "Double Boomerang" (1958)
- Leo Gordon as Zip Wyatt in "Three Wanted Men" (1958)
- Ron Hagerthy, another cast member of Sky King, portrays Pa Helbrog, with Alan Dinehart, III, as Lonny Davis, in "The Homesteaders" (1959).
- Stacy Harris as Ed Miller in "Mystery of the Black Stallion" (1958)
- Don C. Harvey as Sam Peterson, Gregg Palmer as Charlie Pierce, and Jackie Loughery, formerly of Judge Roy Bean, as Savannah Merrick, in "Crooked Circle" (1958)
- John Hoyt as the rancher Clete Barron in "Trouble in Paradise Valley" (1958)
- Michael Landon as Jim Mason, with Frank Gorshin as Hank Butts, in "Shadow of Belle Starr" (1959)
- Dennis Moore as Walker in "Three Wanted Men" (1958)
- Slim Pickens in "Bittercreek Gang" (1959)
- Rhodes Reason as Black Jack in "The Homesteaders" (1959)
- Joe Turkel as Sear Middleton in "The Big Gamblers" (1959)
- Pierre Watkin as Dr. Breen of Samaritan Hospital and Lane Bradford as Gino in "San Francisco Story" (1958)
- Frank Wilcox as Colonel Dodge in "Man to Man" (1959)
- Morgan Woodward appeared in "Strange Cargo" (1959).
McNeil, Alex. Total Television (1996). New York: Penguin Books ISBN 0-14-024916-8 Brooks, Tim and Marsh, Earle, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows (1999). New York: Ballantine Books ISBN 0-345-42923
- "Frontier Doctor: "The Outlaw Legion"". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- ""Queen of the Cimarron", September 26, 1958". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- ""The Twisted Road", April 25, 1959". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- ""Gringo Pete", May 2, 1959". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- ""Elkton Lake Feud", May 16, 1959". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- ""Flaming Gold", June 20, 1959". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- "Frontier Doctor". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 11, 2013.