Margarita

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For other uses, see Margarita (disambiguation).
Margarita
IBA Official Cocktail
MargaritaReal.jpg
Type Cocktail
Primary alcohol by volume
Served On the rocks; poured over ice
Standard garnish

Salt on the rim, lime slice

Standard drinkware
Margarita Glass (Welled).svg
Margarita glass
IBA specified ingredients*
Preparation Rub the rim of the glass with the lime slice to make the salt stick to it. Shake the other ingredients with ice, then carefully pour into the glass (taking care not to dislodge any salt). Garnish and serve over ice.
* Margarita recipe at International Bartenders Association

The margarita is a cocktail consisting of tequila, triple sec (such as Cointreau) and lime or lemon juice, often served with salt on the rim of the glass. It is the most common tequila-based cocktail in the United States.[1] The drink is served shaken with ice (on the rocks), blended with ice (frozen margarita), or without ice (straight up).

Variations[edit]

Margaritas come in a variety of flavors and colors.

The IBA (IBA Official list of Cocktails) standard is 7:4:3, that is, 50% tequila, 29% Cointreau, 21% fresh lime juice.[2]

Flavored liqueurs[edit]

Besides Cointreau, other orange-flavored liqueurs that might be used include Grand Marnier, Gran Gala, other brands of triple sec, or blue curaçao (yielding the blue margarita). In the Grenadines, some bars use Union Jake's Starfruit Liqueur instead of triple sec.[3] When sweeter fruit juices or freshly puréed fruits are added to the margarita, the amount of orange-flavored liqueur is often reduced or eliminated entirely. In addition to orange-flavored liqueurs, secondary liqueurs may occasionally be added to a cocktail, including melon-flavored or black raspberry-flavored.

Fresh lime juice[edit]

Freshly squeezed lime juice is the key ingredient. The most common lime in the United States is the thick-skinned Persian lime. However, margaritas in Mexico are generally made with Mexican limes (Key limes). These are small, thin-skinned limes and have more tart and an often bitter flavor compared to Persian limes.[citation needed] Margaritas made with lemon have a softer taste, especially when Meyer lemons are used.[citation needed]

Frozen margarita[edit]

A variation of the margarita as a blended ice drink.

Other fruits[edit]

Alternate fruits and juice mixtures can also be used in a margarita. Fruits like mango, peach, strawberry banana, melon, or raspberry are suitable for creating this drink. Many recipes call for a splash of orange juice. Nowadays, margarita can be prepared in many different ways. When the word "margarita" is used by itself, it typically refers to the lime or lemon juice margarita, but when other juices are used, the fruits are typically added as adjectives in the name; with lime juice or lemon juice added to give it a characteristic margarita flavor (a wedge of lime is often added to the glass). Other varieties of margarita include: fruit margarita, top-shelf margarita and virgin margarita.

History[edit]

Origin[edit]

The exact origin and inventor of the margarita is unknown.[4]

One of the earliest stories is of the margarita being invented in 1938 by Carlos "Danny" Herrera at his restaurant Rancho La Gloria, halfway between Tijuana and Rosarito, Mexico, created for customer and former Ziegfeld dancer Marjorie King, who was allergic to many spirits, but not to tequila.[5][6][7] This story was related by Herrera and also by bartender Albert Hernandez, acknowledged for popularizing a Margarita in San Diego after 1947, at the La Plaza restaurant in La Jolla.[8] Hernandez claimed the owner of La Plaza, Morris Locke, knew Herrera and visited Mexico often.[citation needed]

Hussong's Cantina in Ensenada, Mexico, has also been cited as the place where the margarita was created, in October 1941, by bartender Don Carlos Orozco.[9] He concocted a mixture of equal parts tequila, Damiana (Cointreau is used now) and lime, served over ice in a salt-rimmed glass for Margarita Henkel, daughter of the German Ambassador to Mexico.[citation needed]

There are also claims that the margarita was first mixed in the El Paso-Juárez area at Tommy's Place Bar on July 4, 1942 by Francisco "Pancho" Morales.[5] Morales later left bartending in Mexico to become a US citizen, where he worked as a milkman for 25 years. Mexico's official news agency Notimex and many experts have said Morales has the strongest claim to having invented the margarita.[10]

Others say the inventor was Dallas socialite Margarita Sames, when she concocted the drink for her guests at her Acapulco vacation home in 1948. Tommy Hilton reportedly attended, bringing the drink back to the Hilton chain of hotels.[5] However, Jose Cuervo was already running ad campaigns for the margarita three years earlier, in 1945, with the slogan, "Margarita: It’s more than a girl's name." According to Jose Cuervo, the cocktail was invented in 1938 by a bartender in honor of Mexican showgirl Rita de la Rosa.[11][12]

Another common origin tale begins the cocktail’s history at the legendary Balinese Room in Galveston, Texas where, in 1948, head bartender Santos Cruz created the margarita for singer Peggy (Margaret) Lee. He supposedly named it after the Spanish version of her name, Margarita, and it’s been a hit ever since.[13]

The first known publication of a margarita recipe was in the December 1953 issue of Esquire, with a recipe calling for an ounce of tequila, a dash of triple sec and the juice of half a lime or lemon. A recipe for a tequila-based cocktail first appeared in the 1930 book My New Cocktail Book by G.F. Steele. Without noting a specific recipe or inventor, a drink called the Tequila Daisy was mentioned in the Syracuse Herald as early as 1936. Margarita is Spanish for Daisy, which is a nickname for Margaret.[14]

A later story is that the margarita was invented in October 1961, at a party in Houston, Texas, by party goer Robert James "Rusty" Thomson while acting as bartender. He concocted a mixture of equal parts tequila, orange liqueur, lime, and crushed ice in a salt-rimmed glass.[15] However, Thomson's recipe was made with Damiana Liqueur, not Cointreau orange liqueur. It is said that the idea was an experiment after running out of rum while making frozen daiquiris.

Another explanation, however, is that the margarita is merely a popular American drink, the Daisy, remade with tequila instead of brandy, which became popular during Prohibition as people drifted over the border for alcohol. There is an account from 1936 of Iowa newspaper editor James Graham finding such a cocktail in Tijuana, years before any of the other Margarita "creation myths".[16]

Glass[edit]

A traditional margarita glass.

Margaritas may be served in a variety of glasses, most notably the stereotypical margarita glass, a variant of the classic Champagne coupe; this is particularly associated with blended fruit margaritas, and the glass is also used for dishes such as guacamole or shrimp cocktails. In formal settings margaritas are often served in a standard cocktail glass, while in informal settings, particularly with ice, margaritas may be served in an old-fashioned glass.

Popularity[edit]

The margarita cocktail was the "Drink of the Month" in Esquire magazine, December 1953, pg. 76:[17]

1 ounce tequila
Dash of Triple Sec
Juice of 1/2 lime or lemon
Pour over crushed ice, stir. Rub the rim of a stem glass with rind of lemon or lime, spin in salt—pour, and sip.

It was further popularized by the Jimmy Buffett song "Margaritaville".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The most popular tequila cocktail in Mexico, by contrast, is the paloma.
  2. ^ "MARGARITA All Day Cocktail". IBA. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.unionjakes.vc/where-to-buy-union-jakes.php
  4. ^ "Once Upon a Time in Mexico - The Origin of the Margarita". Imbibe Magazine. March–April 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c Anthony Dias Blue (2010). The Complete Book of Spirits: A Guide to Their History, Production, and Enjoyment. HarperCollins. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  6. ^ Michael Stetz (9 July 2006). "I'll Have a Mystery on the Rocks with Salt". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  7. ^ Paul Chavez, "Danny Herrera, Inventor of Margarita, Dies at Age 90," Los Angeles Times, May 14, 1992.
  8. ^ Jack Williams (4 May 2006). "Obituary - Albert Hernandez Sr.; Margarita Pioneer, Restaurateur". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  9. ^ De Mancillas, Gloria (1992), Seminario de Historia de Baja California. Institute de Investigaciones Historicas UABC; Hazard, Ann (2002), Agave Sunsets, Treasured Tales of Baja, Renegade Enterprises, pp 157-160.
  10. ^ "Francisco Morales; Credited With Inventing Margarita," Los Angeles Times, January 8, 1997.
  11. ^ Lisa Bramen, “The History of the Margarita,” Smithsonian, May 5, 2009.
  12. ^ Stacy Finz, “Mastering the margarita: Tequila aside, even experts can’t agree on what goes into the legendary cocktail,” San Francisco Chronicle, July 25, 2008.
  13. ^ Rosenberg Library Museum "Lost Treasure: The Balinese Room" Balinese Room. .
  14. ^ “Once upon a time in Mexico,” Imbibe, March/April 2010.
  15. ^ de Mancillas, Gloria (1992). Seminario de Historia de Baja California. Instituto de Investigaciones Historicas UABC. Hazard, Ann (1992). Agave Sunsets, Treasured Tales of Baja. Renegade Enterprises, pp 157-160. Lieber, Sara (2007). MTV Best of Mexico. Wiley Publishing, Inc., p 349. 
  16. ^ David Wondrich (5 May 2010). "Behind the Drink: The Margarita". Liquor.com. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  17. ^ Barry Popik. "Texas, The Lone Star State: Margarita (cocktail)". Retrieved 12 August 2006. 

External links[edit]