A cider press is used to crush apples or pears. In North America, the unfiltered juice is referred to as cider, becoming known as apple juice once filtered; in Britain it is referred to as juice regardless of whether it is filtered or not (the term cider is reserved for the fermented (alcoholic) juice). Other products include cider vinegar, (hard) cider, apple wine, apple brandy, and apple jack.
Cider presses often have attachments to grind the apples prior to pressing. Such combination devices are commonly referred to as cider mills.
In communities with many small orchards, it is common for one or more persons to have a large cider mill for community use. These community mills allow orchard owners to avoid the capital, space, and maintenance requirements for having their own mill. These larger mills are typically powered by electrical or gasoline engines. Mill operators also deal with the solids, which attract wasps or hornets. Cider mills typically give patrons a choice between paying by the gallon/litre or splitting the cider with the mill operator.
Larger orchardists may prefer to have their own presses because it saves on fees, or because it reduces cartage. Orchardists of any size may believe their own sanitation practices to be superior to that of community mills, as some patrons of community mills may make cider from low quality fruit (windfall apples, or apples with worms). Those making speciality ciders, such as pear cider, may want to have their own press.
The world's largest cider press is located in Berne, Indiana USA.
DIY fruit press
Given the simplicity of the design, and high usability with some people (e.g. those owning an orchard), some people have started building their own do-it-yourself (DIY) fruit press and have uploaded detailed instructions on how to do so.
Canadian Made Fruit Press
Introduction to the Product
The Apple Cider Press and Fruit Press and Grinder is a device designed to both press and grind a variety of fruits, including pears, grapes and apples. The frame of the appliance is made of kiln dried wood and stands thirty-six inches in height. The frame consists of three main components; centre posts (4 in x 4 in), leg braces (2 in x 4 in), and headers (6 in x 6 in) located at the bottom and the top of the frame. The joints of the frame are cross-bolted and dowelled to provide added strength. The next component, bolted to the top header of the frame, is the fruit grinder. The grinder is a half-inch plastic tub with stainless steel screws, designed to shred apart fruit, thus maximizing the juice yield. The pressing screw is one inch in diameter and has an Acme machined thread to ensure non-binding cranking. The cross handle of the pressing screw is twelve inches in length and is also made entirely of steel. To ensure food safety, the grinder itself does not contain any wooden components as wood has a tendency to absorb bacteria and odors.
Directly below the fruit grinder is the pressing table and tub. The tub is twelve inches in diameter and is made of slats of hardwood with stainless steel bands. Because the tub is made of wood, it requires regular cleaning. Within the tub is a pressing bag made of a nylon mesh that filters the pulp. Directly beneath the tub is a plastic collection tray with a hole, that enables the juice to be collected in some sort of bucket. Since the tray is made of plastic it will not collect bacteria or rot. The Apple Cider Press and Fruit Press and Grinder has a one year warranty and requires some assembly if purchased. The Product Code for the Apple Cider Press and Fruit Press and Grinder is FP3.
About the Company and Its Product
The Apple Cider Press and Fruit Press and Grinder is sold by Berry Hill Limited, commonly referred to as Berry Hill. Berry Hill, established in 1946, is a family owned business that markets a wide range of products. The company serves its clientele through both retail sales and mail orders. The store and head office are located in St. Thomas, Ontario; however, the company serves clientele on an international level. Berry Hill Limited developed the design for the Apple Cider Press and Fruit Press and Grinder and is responsible for the assembly, but the individual components of the press are sourced in from seven Canadian companies. Names of the specific companies cannot be disclosed for confidentiality reasons.
The Apple Cider Press and Fruit Press and Grinder is valued, in Canadian dollars, at just under nine hundred dollars ($899.99), without taking into account the additional costs of shipment.
Storage of the Fruit Press and Juice
In many cases, specifically in Canada, fruit juice that is sold commercially is pasteurized. Pasteurization refers to a procedure by which disease causing organisms that may exist in juice are eliminated with the use of ultraviolet light or heat. The nutritional value of the product is maintained and the juice is considered safe if consumed. Most producers are known to pasteurize their juice; however, certain venues, such as farmers' markets and roadside stands provide unpasteurized products. Pasteurized juices can exist as shelf-stable products, meaning that they are unrefrigerated, whereas unpasteurized products should be refrigerated.
Benefits For Canada
The owner of Berry Hill Limited stated that a significant increase in the sale of the Apple Cider Press and Fruit Press and Grinder would enable him to hire more employees, increasing employment opportunities for Canadian citizens.
- "Madeline M. Turner". Food Production and Processing. California State University. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
- David M. Foy (2 February 2012). Great Discoveries and Inventions by African-Americans: Fourth Edition. AuthorHouse. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-4685-2435-2.
- Berry Hill Limited. (2014). Berry Hill Limited Since 1946. Retrieved from http://www.berryhill.ca/
- Fox, K. (2014). Personal communication by text message (800-668-3072). Date: November 8- November 17, 2014. K. Fox is the owner of Berry Hill Limited.
- Fox, K. (2014). Personal communication by phone (800-668-3072). Date: November 4, 2014. K. Fox is the owner of Berry Hill Limited.
- Bonnie. (2014). Personal communication by phone (1-800-668-3072). Date: November 20, 2014. Bonnie is a Customer Service Representative for Berry Hill Limited.
- Government of Canada. (2013). Unpasteurized juice and cider. Retrieved from http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/eating-nutrition/safety-salubrite/unpasteurized-pasteurises-eng.php#a1
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