Frula

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Frula
Classification
Related instruments
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The frula (pronounced [frǔla], Serbian Cyrillic: фрула), also known as svirala (свирала) or jedinka, is a musical instrument which resembles a small recorder or flute, traditionally played in the Serbia and Croatia. It is typically made of wood and has six holes. It is an end-blown aerophone. The frula is a traditional instrument of shepherds, who would play while tending their flocks.

For a list of similar instruments, see the section below.

Names[edit]

In Croatia it is commonly known as "jedinka".[1] Other local names in Croatia include žveglica, šaltva, kavela, ćurlik.[2] It has also been simply called "Serbian flute".[3][4]

Overview[edit]

The frula is a small wooden flute with six holes.[5] In the Balkans, the frula was played by shepherds while tending their flocks.[5] It is a traditional instrument of Serbia,[6] one of several aerophones used for leisure time, rituals, or accompanying the kolo (circle dance), along with long flutes (duduk, cevara), the double flute (dvojnice), and the bag-pipe (gajde).[7]

Performers[edit]

Folk dance ensemble "Kolo", playing the frula.

Notable frula players (frulaši) are Adam Milutinović, Sava Jeremić, Tihomir Paunović, Velja Kokorić, Borivoje Todorović, Bora Dugić, Slobodan Vukićević, Spasoje Jović, Andrija and Tomislav Bajić, Radovan Jovanović and others.[8]

Legacy[edit]

There are many events dedicated to the frula, such as the Prva pastirska frula in Jagnjilo, Dani Save Jeremića in Ražanj, sabori frulaša in Lelić and Prislonica, takmičenja frulaša in Iđoš, and Frula fest in Kruševac.[8]

A popular Serbian folk song is Ej čija frula[9] ("O, whose frula"), recorded by, among others, Braća Bajić, Radiša Urošević and Cune Gojković.

See also[edit]

  • dvojnice, double-reed, Croatia and Serbia
Other similar flutes

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rad kongresa. 1981. p. 334. 
  2. ^ Danica. Hrvatsko književno društvo sv. Ćirila i Metoda. 1951. Sviraljka s usnama »jedinka« (svirala, žveglica, šaltva, kavela, ćurlik, to su samo neka njezina lokalna imena) 
  3. ^ Scribner's Magazine. Charles Scribners Sons. 1922. p. 269. 
  4. ^ Charles Austin Beard (1930). Toward Civilization. Longmans, Green and Company. p. 275. 
  5. ^ a b Christopher Deliso (2009). Culture and Customs of Serbia and Montenegro. Greenwood Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-313-34436-7. 
  6. ^ Dragoljub Zamurović; Ilja Slani; Madge Phillips-Tomašević (2002). Serbia: life and customs. ULUPUDS. p. 188. 
  7. ^ Don Michael Randel (2003). The Harvard Dictionary of Music. Harvard University Press. pp. 771–. ISBN 978-0-674-01163-2. 
  8. ^ a b http://www.teklareka.rs/index.php/internauti/item/767-edukativna-radionica-za-zastitu-frulaske-prakse-aj-cija-frula-po-unesku-svira/767-edukativna-radionica-za-zastitu-frulaske-prakse-aj-cija-frula-po-unesku-svira.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ NIN: nedeljne informativne novine. Politika. 1996. p. 6. а чувена је она српска пе- сма ових простора „Еј, чија фрула овим шором свира"