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|Dough, leavening agent, fat (oil, shortening, or lard)|
|State bread of South Dakota|
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Frybread (also spelled fry bread) is a flat dough fried or deep-fried in oil, shortening, or lard. The dough is generally leavened by yeast or baking powder. Frybread can be eaten alone or with various toppings such as honey, jam, or hot beef. Frybread can also be made into tacos, like Indian tacos. It is a simple complement to meals.
According to Navajo tradition, frybread was created in 1864 using the flour, sugar, salt and lard that was given to them by the United States government when the Navajo Native Americans, living in Arizona, were forced to make the 300-mile journey known as the "Long Walk" and relocate to Bosque Redondo, New Mexico onto land that couldn't easily support their traditional staples of vegetables and beans.
For many Native Americans, "frybread links generation with generation and also connects the present to the painful narrative of Native American history." It is often served both at home and at gatherings. The way it is served varies from region to region and different tribes have different recipes. It can be found in its many ways at state fairs and pow-wows, but what is served to the paying public may be different from what is served in private homes and in the context of tribal family relations.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture reports that a plate of fried bread consists of 700 calories and 27 grams of fat. According to Chaleen Brewer, a nutritionist at the Genesis Diabetes Prevention Program, "commodity foods like processed cheese, potted meats, and the lard used in making frybread are partly responsible for a "diabetes epidemic" among her people."
- Frybread is also known in South American cooking as a cachanga.
- Miller, Jen. "Frybread". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- "USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23". USDA.
- NetState.com. Official State Foods. 2006. February 18, 2007.
- Glossary, yanuq.com
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- Media related to Frybread at Wikimedia Commons
- Reprint of a Tacoma News Tribune article on fry bread
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Fry Bread
- Recipes for frybread by Tribe or Nation
- Navajo Fry Bread History
- Fry Bread Facts
- More Than Frybread Mockumentary
- Fry Bread House Honored Among the Best of the Best — frybread restaurant in Phoenix a winner of 2012 "America's Classics" James Beard Foundation Award.