Frydenlund

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Fredenslund
FrydenlundSlotDk.jpg
Frydenlund
General information
Architectural style Neoclassical
Location Rudersdal, Denmark
Country Denmark
Coordinates 55°50′27.34″N 12°33′29.11″E / 55.8409278°N 12.5580861°E / 55.8409278; 12.5580861
Construction started 1726
Completed 1729
Design and construction
Architect Jørgen Henrich Rawert

Frydenlund is a historic house near Vedbæk north of Copenhagen, Denmark.

History[edit]

The royal pavilion[edit]

Frydenlund painted by Johan Jacob Bruun in 1749

The first structure at the site was a hunting lodge built just north of the royal deer park Jægersborg Dyrehave which was established in 1670. It was acquired by Conrad von Reventlow in the 1680s. Originally from Holstein, he now lived at Clausholm Castle and gave the pavilion the name Freudenlund. After his death, the property was passed on to his daughter, Anne Sophie, who married King Frederick IV Morganatically in 1712. From 1722 to 1726, after their second marriage in 1721, which gave Anne Sophie status of queen, court architect Johan Cornelius Krieger carried out an expansion of Frydenlund.[1]

In the first half of the 1740s, the house was put at the disposal of General Charles Christian Erdmann, Duke of Württemberg-Oels along with the Württemberg Mansion in Copenhagen (now Lerches Gård).

King Frederick V refurbished the house and gave it to Crown Prince Christian in 1760. In connection with their marriage in 1764, he gave Frydendal to Queen Caroline Mathilde.It was the preferred hideaway for her and Struense during their love affair.[1] A new wooden mansion designed by Caspar Frederik Harsdorff was built in Lille Dyrehave in 1770.

Later changes[edit]

Harsdorff's mansion was destroyed by fire in 1793. The Crown then sold the estate to Karl Adolf Boheman, a Swedish mystic, Freemason, merchant who worked for the mystic society "The Enlightened of Avignon" on the commission of Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel. He refurbished and expanded Krieger's old house with the assistance of Jørgen Henrich Rawert.[2]

Recent history[edit]

American-Danish entertainer Victor Borge purchased the property in 1957. In 1960, he sold it to Haldor Topsøe who established a research centre in the buildings.

Architecture[edit]

The current house is a three-winged Neoclassical building. The architect is unknown but may have been.

Jrieger's original house from the 1720s was a tall, octagonal building with timber framing. It is still clearly visible as a rounded projection on the main wing.

The complex was listed in 1918.[3] The architectural firm Berten && Schewing was commissioned to make a masterplan for restoration and development of the buildings in 2010.[4]

Owners[edit]

  • (-1669) H. Ehm (kobbermølle)
  • (1670-1683) M. Friis
  • (17xx-17xx) Conrad Reventlow
  • (17xx-17xx) Anna Sophie Reventlow
  • (17xx-1793) Kronen
  • (1793-1803) C.A. Boheman
  • (1803-1813) W.B. Linstow
  • (1813-1840) Cecilie M. E. Schouw
  • (1840-1843) H. Outzen Bjørn
  • (1843-1846) J.L. Gottlieb
  • (1846-1875) Gertrudine Rieffestahl
  • (1875-1907) L. Castenschiold
  • (1907-1929) C.B. Thøgersen
  • (1929-1957) G.K. Schiørring
  • (1957-1960) Victor Borge
  • (1960-) Haldor Topsøe

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Frydenlund" (in Danish). Rudersdal Kommune. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  2. ^ "Frydenlund" (in Danish). Gyldendal. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  3. ^ "Sag: Frydenlund" (in Danish). Kulturstyrelsen. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  4. ^ "Frydenlund - skitse til helhedsplan for Haldor Topsøe" (in Danish). Berten && Schewing. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 

External links[edit]