Wolfiporia extensa

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Wolfiporia extensa
Tuckahoe.jpg
Wolfiporia extensa sclerotium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Fomitopsidaceae
Genus: Wolfiporia
Species: W. extensa
Binomial name
Wolfiporia extensa
Synonyms
  • Pachyma cocos Fr. (1822)
  • Sclerotium cocos Schwein. (1822)
  • Daedalea extensa Peck (1891)
  • Poria cocos F.A.Wolf (1922)
  • Macrohyporia cocos (Schwein.) I.Johans. & Ryvarden (1979)
  • Macrohyporia extensa (Peck) Ginns & J.Lowe (1983)
  • Wolfiporia cocos (F.A.Wolf) Ryvarden & Gilb. (1984)

Wolfiporia extensa (Peck) Ginns (syn. Poria cocos F.A. Wolf) is a fungus in the Polyporaceae family. It is a wood-decay fungus but has a terrestrial growth habit. It is notable in the development of a large, long-lasting underground sclerotium that resembles a small coconut. This sclerotium (called "Tuckahoe", or Indian bread) was used by Native Americans as a source of food in times of scarcity. It is also used as a medicinal mushroom in Chinese medicine.[1] Indications for use in the traditional Chinese medicine include causing urination, to invigorate the spleen function, and to calm the mind.[2]

Common names include hoelen, poria, tuckahoe, China root, fu ling (茯苓, pīnyīn: fúlíng), and matsuhodo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Esteban CI (2009). "Interés medicinal de Poria cocos (= Wolfiporia extensa)" [[Medicinal interest of Poria cocos (= Wolfiporia extensa)]] (PDF). Rev Iberoam Micol (in Spanish) 26 (2): 103–7. doi:10.1016/S1130-1406(09)70019-1. PMID 19631158. 
  2. ^ Wang L, Waltenberger B, Pferschy-Wenzig EM, Blunder M, Liu X, Malainer C, Blazevic T, Schwaiger S, Rollinger JM, Heiss EH, Schuster D, Kopp B, Bauer R, Stuppner H, Dirsch VM, Atanasov AG. Natural product agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ): a review. Biochem Pharmacol. 2014 Jul 29. pii: S0006-2952(14)00424-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2014.07.018. PubMed PMID: 25083916.

External links[edit]