Fu Zhongwen

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Fu.
傅鈡文
Fu Zhongwen
Born 1903 (1903)
Yongnian, Hebei, China
Died 1994 (aged 90–91)
Nationality Chinese
Style Yang-style taijiquan
(4th gen. Yang)
Notable students Fu Shengyuan
Website Fu family website
Fu Zhongwen
Chinese

Fu Zhongwen (1903–1994) was a respected t'ai chi ch'uan teacher and author from China. From an early age, he had been a disciple of Yang Chengfu, and later a family member as he married Zou Kuei Cheng, the great-granddaughter of Yang Chien Hou.

Fu Zhongwen was born in Yongnian, Hebei province. As a child, he would watch people practise t'ai chi and imitate their moves before beginning his training with Master Yang Chengfu at the young age of 9. Zhongwen’s personal diligence and application in learning t'ai chi ch'uan saw him advance rapidly in the knowledge and expertise of t'ai chi.

As Zhongwen matured, he accompanied Yang in his travels around China from Wuhan to Guangzhou, demonstrating t'ai chi and helping to teach along the way. Yang Chengfu would teach and Zhongwen would demonstrate. Fu Zhongwen would often accept challenges from other martial artists, not once failing to uphold his master's honour.

Fu Zhongwen was often called upon by his master to represent him in pushing hands competitions and he earned the reputation of being an undefeatable opponent. So highly regarded was he by his peers, that Yang's first disciple Chen Weiming wrote a letter to him after Chengfu's death, acknowledging the excellence of Zhongwen's accomplishment and the accuracy with which he reflected their master’s art.

In 1944, Fu Zhongwen founded the Yongnian Tai Chi Association in order to carry on the work of his master in spreading t'ai chi ch'uan to all people. When he founded the Yongnian Association, he selected diligence, perseverance, respect, and sincerity as their motto. Fu Zhongwen lived his life according to the above motto. The reason he chose Yongnian as the name was because Yong Nian in Chinese means longevity - the main purpose of establishing the association was to teach T'ai chi, allowing the people to benefit from practicing t'ai chi to live longer.

In 1959, the PRC featured Fu Zhongwen’s t'ai chi sabre in its international sports publication. The PRC also published his book, entitled "Yang Family Tai Chi Chuan" in 1963.

In 1972, the Tongji University in Shanghai carried out a scientific research on the therapeutic value of t'ai chi on patients with Fu Zhongwen and his son Fu Sheng Yuan as instructors. After 3 months, the results achieved with some medical conditions including heart diseases, spleen dysfunction, arthritis and insomnia. This propelled the Ministry of Sports to officially recognize the therapeutic value of T'ai chi.

Fu Zhongwen was the type of man who was willing to teach t'ai chi to whom ever wanted to learn for free; the only benefit to him was the knowledge that people were doing t'ai chi and gaining health from it. Fu Zhongwen is a true legacy in the t'ai chi world.

Fu Zhongwen had dedicated his life to practicing and teaching T'ai chi. He was voted as one of the One Hundred Living Treasures of China and it was a great loss to the martial arts world and a greater loss to his family when he died in Shanghai on September 25, 1994 at age 92.

Fu Shengyuan continues his father's quest in spreading Yang t'ai chi to the world.

T'ai chi ch'uan lineage tree with Yang-style focus[edit]

Note:

  • This lineage tree is not comprehensive, but depicts those considered the 'gate-keepers' & most recognised individuals in each generation of Yang-style.
  • Although many styles were passed down to respective descendants of the same family, the lineage focused on is that of the Yang style & not necessarily that of the family.


Key:
NEIJIA
Solid lines Direct teacher-student.
Dot lines Partial influence
/taught informally
/limited time.
TAIJIQUAN
Dash lines Individual(s) omitted.
Dash cross Branch continues.
CHEN-STYLE
Zhaobao-style
(陈长兴)
Chen Changxing
1771–1853
6th gen. Chen
Chen Old Frame
(杨露禅)
Yang Luchan
1799–1872
YANG-STYLE
Guang Ping Yang
Yangjia Michuan
(王蘭亭)
Wang Lanting
1840–?
2nd gen. Yang
(杨健侯)
Yang Jianhou
1839–1917
2nd gen. Yang
2nd gen. Yangjia Michuan
(杨班侯)
Yang Banhou
1837–1892
2nd gen. Yang
2nd gen.
Guang Ping Yang
Yang Small Frame
(武禹襄)
Wu Yuxiang
1812–1880
WU (HAO)-STYLE
Zhaobao He-style
(李瑞东)
Li Ruidong
1851–1917
Li-style
(杨少侯)
Yang Shaohou
1862–1930
3rd gen. Yang
Yang Small Frame
(吴全佑)
Wu Quanyou
1834–1902
1st gen. Wu
(王矯宇)
Wang Jaioyu
1836–1939
3rd gen.
Guang Ping Yang
(杨澄甫)
Yang Chengfu
1883–1936
3rd gen. Yang
Yang Big Frame
(田兆麟)
Tian Zhaolin
1891–1960
3rd gen. Yang
Qi Gechen
(吴鉴泉)
Wu Jianquan
1870–1942
2nd gen. Wu
WU-STYLE
108 Form
Kuo Lien Ying
1895–1984
4th gen.
Guang Ping Yang
(孙禄堂)
Sun Lutang
1861–1932
SUN-STYLE
(褚桂亭)
Chu Guiting
1892–1977
4th gen. Yang
Beijing form
(傅仲文)
Fu Zhongwen
1903–1994
4th gen. Yang
Beijing form
(董英杰)
Dong Yingjie
1891–1960
4th gen. Yang
(郑曼青)
Zheng Manqing
1902–1975
4th gen. Yang
Short (37) Form
(陈微明)
Chen Weiming
1881–1958
(杨振铎)
Yang Zhenduo
b.1926
4th gen. Yang
(杨振铭)
Yang Shouzhong
1910–1985
4th gen. Yang
(張欽霖)
Zhang Qinlin
1888–1967
3rd gen. Yangjia Michuan
(田英嘉)
Tian Yingjia
1931–2008
4th gen. Yang
Wudang-style
(吴公儀)
Wu Gongyi
1900–1970
3rd gen. Wu
(吴公藻)
Wu Gongzao
1903–1983
3rd gen. Wu
Taiwan
U.S.A
Robert W. Smith
1926–2011
(黃性賢)
Huang Xingxian
1910–1992
Benjamin Pang Jeng Lo
b.1927
William C. C. Chen
b.1935
Big Six
Tam Gibbs
Lou Kleinsmith
Ed Young
Mort Raphael
Maggie Newman
Stanley Israel
Little Six
Victor Chin
Y. Y. Chin
Jon Gaines
Natasha Gorky
Wolfe Lowenthal
Ken VanSickle
(杨军)
Yang Jun
b.1968
5th gen. Yang
Ip Tai Tak
1929–2004
5th gen. Yang
(王延年)
Wang Yennien
1914–2008
4th gen. Yangjia Michuan
(田邴原)
Tian Bingyuan
b.?
5th gen. Yang
Yao Guoqing
b.?
5th gen. Yang
CHEN-STYLE
YANG-STYLE
WU-STYLE
WU (HAO)-STYLE
SUN-STYLE

References[edit]

Fu, Sheng Yuan (1995). AUTHENTIC YANG FAMILY TAI CHI. Fu Sheng Yuan Int'l Tai Chi Academy. ISBN 0-646-23258-4. 

Fu, Sheng Yuan (1993). YONG NIAN YANG SHI TAIJIQUAN (in Chinese). Fu Sheng Yuan Int'l Tai Chi Academy. 

External links[edit]