Fuat Dibra

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Fuat Dibra
Minister of Internal Affairs of the Principality of Albania
In office
November 19, 1920 – 1 July 1921
Minister of Natural Economy of Albania under Italy
In office
December 4, 1941 – January 19, 1943
Member of the High Regency Council of the Albanian Kingdom (1943–44)
In office
1943 – February 1944
Personal details
Born (1886-02-26)February 26, 1886
Dibra, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 22 February 1944(1944-02-22) (aged 57)
Tirana, Albania
Nationality Albanian
Political party Balli Kombëtar
Occupation Entrepreneur
Religion Islam

Fuat bey Dibra Nationalist and patriotic figure, he attended the Paris Peace Conference to represent Albania and was a member of the High Regency Council.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Fuat Dibra was born in Dibra (present-day Debar) to a wealthy landowning family and was the son of Ismail Pasha.[1]

Members of the Albanian cabinet. From left to right, Fuat Dibra, Mihal Zallari, Mehdi Frashëri, Father Anton Harapi, Rexhep Mitrovica and Vehbi Frashëri

He attended a commercial school in Salonika (present-day Thessaloniki).[1] As a man of substantial means, he largely financed the expense of the Albanian delegation at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, which he also attended himself with Pandeli Evangjeli.[2] He is said to have owned several restaurants in Paris. He had been of great assistance to the Albanian delegation at the Peace Conference of 1919-1920, but was misled into believing that Albania could be defended against the aggression of her Balkan neighbors.[2]

Political period[edit]

In the 1920s, Dibra was in political opposition to Ahmet Zogu. He served as minister of national economy in the cabinet of Mustafa Kruja. In November 1942, he was a founding member of Balli Kombëtar. On 25 October 1943, the German occupation authorities, with whom he maintained good relations, persuaded him to serve as a member of the High Regency Council (Këshilli i Lartë i Regjencës)[1][2] to represent the Muslim community. He was, however, unable to perform any particular functions because of ill health. He had been sent for treatment to Davos around March 1943. He dies in Tirana in February 1944.

Personal life[edit]

Fuat Dibra was born in Dibra (present-day Debar) to a wealthy landowning family. He is a distant cousin of Nexhmije Hoxha,[3] Enver Hoxha's wife. The families are quite resentful of each other due to their different ideologies. Nexhmije Hoxha claims that Dibra was very wealthy and had estates in Istanbul, Switzerland and France; and that he recklessly spent his fortune in Paris.[3] However, the claims of Dibra being a bachelor like figure were propagandic rants by Hoxha and like minded figures.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Robert Elsie. A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Owen Pearson. Albania in the Twentieth Century, A History: Volume II: Albania in Occupation and War. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Hoxha Journal