Fuchsia (color)

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For other uses, see Fuchsia (disambiguation).
Flower of Fuchsia plant

Fuchsia (/ˈfjuːʃə/, FEW-shə) is a vivid purplish red color,[1] named after the flower of the fuchsia plant, which took its name from the 16th century German botanist Leonhart Fuchs.

The color fuchsia was first introduced as the color of a new aniline dye called fuchsine, patented in 1859 by the French chemist Francois-Emmanuel Verguin. Its name was changed the same year to magenta, to celebrate a victory of the French army at the Battle of Magenta on June 4, 1859, near the Italian city of that name.[2]

In the RGB color model, used to create colors on computers and television screens, and in web colors, fuchsia and magenta are exactly the same color, made by mixing blue and red light at full and equal intensity.

In color printing and design, there are more variations between magenta and fuchsia. Fuchsia is usually more purplish color, whereas magenta is more reddish.[3] Fuchsia flowers themselves contain a wide variety of purples.

The first recorded use of fuchsia as a color name in English was in 1892.[4]

Fuchsine[edit]

The first synthetic dye the color of fuchsia, called fuchsine, was invented in the 1859. It was later renamed magenta, and became highly popular under that name.

Fuchsia (web color)[edit]

On computer screens, red and blue light combined at full intensity produce fuchsia or magenta. The two web colors are identical, and have the same hex code, FF00FF.
Fuchsia (web color)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FF00FF
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 0, 255)
HSV       (h, s, v) (300°, 100%, 100%)
Source HTML/CSS[5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

In the system of additive colors, the RGB color model used to create all the colors on a computer or television display, the colors magenta and fuchsia are exactly the same, and have the same hex number, #FF00FF. The name fuchsia is used on the HTML web color list for this color, while the name magenta is used on the X11 web color list. They are both composed the same way, by combining an equal amount of blue and red light at full brightness, as shown in the image on the left.

Variations of fuchsia[edit]

French fuchsia[edit]

Fuchsia (Pourpre.com)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FD3F92
sRGBB  (rgb) (253, 63, 146)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 75, 42, 1)
HSV       (h, s, v) (334°, 75%, 99[6]%)
Source Pourpre.com
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color French fuchsia, which is the tone of fuchsia called fuchsia in the Pourpre.com color list, a color list popular in France.

Fashion fuchsia[edit]

Fashion FuchsiaHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F400A1
sRGBB  (rgb) (244, 0, 161)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 100, 34, 4)
HSV       (h, s, v) (320°, 100%, 96[7]%)
Source Maerz and Paul[8]/Venus Paradise C.P.[9][10]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Fashion fuchsia is a color used in fashion when a slightly less saturated color than shocking pink is desired. It also goes by the name Hollywood cerise. This color is the same color as the color called Fuchsia de mode (French for fashion fuchsia) in the French Wikipedia.

Fuchsia rose[edit]

Fuchsia RoseHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C74375
sRGBB  (rgb) (199, 67, 117)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 66, 41, 22)
HSV       (h, s, v) (337°, 66%, 78%)
Source Pantone TPX
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Fuchsia rose is the color that was chosen as the 2001 Pantone color of the year by Pantone.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #17-2031 TPX—Fuchsia Rose.[11]

Fuchsia purple[edit]

Fuchsia PurpleHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CC397B
sRGBB  (rgb) (204, 57, 123)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 72, 40, 20)
HSV       (h, s, v) (333°, 72%, 80[12]%)
Source Pantone TPX[13]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color fuchsia purple is displayed at right.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #18-2436 TPX—Fuchsia Purple.[14]


Deep fuchsia[edit]

Fuchsia (Crayola)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C154C1
sRGBB  (rgb) (193, 84, 193)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (24, 87, 24, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (300°, 67%, 72%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Deep fuchsia is the color that is called fuchsia in the List of Crayola crayon colors.

Fandango[edit]

FandangoHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #B53389
sRGBB  (rgb) (181, 51, 137)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 72, 24, 29)
HSV       (h, s, v) (320°, 72%, 71%)
Source Maerz and Paul
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color fandango.

The first recorded use of fandango as a color name in English was in 1925.[15]

Antique fuchsia[edit]

Antique FuchsiaHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #915C83
sRGBB  (rgb) (145, 92, 131)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 37, 10, 23)
HSV       (h, s, v) (316°, 37%, 57%)
Source Plochere
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color antique fuchsia.

The first recorded use of antique fuchsia as a color name in English was in 1928.[16]

The source of this color is the Plochere Color System, a color system formulated in 1948 that is widely used by interior designers.[17]

Crayola color fuchsia[edit]

In 1949, the color names of Crayola crayons were reformed and became more scientific, more of the names of the colors of the crayons being based on the names of colors in the original 1930 edition of the Dictionary of Color and the color names of the Munsell color system. Crayola crayons set up a color naming system similar to that used in the Munsell Color Wheel, except that violet instead of purple was used as the secondary color on the color wheel between red and blue. The web color fuchsia is equivalent to the pure chroma on Munsell Color Wheel of the Munsell color system that is designated as "5RP" (reddish purple) i.e., a purple that is shaded toward red (the color we can achieve today with computers is a much more saturated pure color wheel chroma hue than the original color chip shown on the Munsell color wheel diagram in the Munsell color system article). In 1972, a new Crayola crayon color was introduced called hot magenta which is the closest equivalent to the web color fuchsia in Crayola crayons. (See List of Crayola crayon colors.)

The color shown in the color box above is the color called "Fuchsia" in A Dictionary of Color. That is why the name fuchsia was chosen as the equivalent to one of the three secondary additive primary colors, electric magenta, because A Dictionary of Color was the primary reference on color names (besides the Munsell Book of Color) before the introduction of personal computers. The color shown above is somewhat brighter than most actual flowers of the fuchsia plant. The color shown as magenta in A Dictionary of Color is a somewhat different color than the color shown in that book as fuchsia—it is the original color magenta now called rich magenta or magenta (dye) (see the article on magenta for a color box displaying a sample of this original magenta).

In culture[edit]

Broadway

  • In the 2007 Tony Award winning musical Grey Gardens fuchsia is referred to in the song "Revolutionary Costume for Today":

The best kind of shoes to express bold views / Are strapless mules in assertive hues /
Like fuchsia or peach, except on the beach, / In which case you wear flats.

Lexicography

  • In gay slang, a beautiful, attractive woman is known as a fuchsia queen.[18]

Video games

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Philip Ball (2001), Bright Earth, Art and the Invention of Colour, Penguin Group, ISBN 978-2-7541-0503-3. (ISBN and page numbers are from the French translation).

Notes and Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English dictionaries online: "a vivid purplish-red colour like that of the sepals of a typical fuchsia flower". See also Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (2002), Oxford University Press, 5th Edition: "A shade of red like that of the fuchsia flower." See also Random House College Dictionary (1980), Revised Edition: "A Bright purplish-red color". See also Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language: "a purplish-red."
  2. ^ Philip Ball, Bright Earth, Art and the Invention of Colour, p. 311.
  3. ^ Compare the colors Fuchsia and Magenta in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color by Maerz and Paul
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul, A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill, p. 195; Color Sample of Fuchsia Page 123 Plate 50 Color Sample I 12
  5. ^ W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords
  6. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #FD3F92 (French Fuchsia):
  7. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #F400A1 (Hollywood Cerise (Fashion Fuchsia)):
  8. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called Hollywood in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color Hollywood is displayed on page 33, Plate 5, Color Sample K5.
  9. ^ This color matches the color called Hollywood Cerise in the Venus Paradise colored pencil set, widely sold during the 1950s.
  10. ^ This was the color called fuchsia on the web color list popular in France called pourpre.com until 2010, when the formula was changed to hex code #FD3592, shown above as French Fuchsia.
  11. ^ http://www.pantone.com/pages/pantone/colorfinder.aspx?c_id=3097
  12. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #CC397B (Fuchsia Purple):
  13. ^ Type the words "Fuchsia Purple" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  14. ^ Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder--Type the words "Fuchsia Purple" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear:
  15. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill, p. 195; Color Sample of Fandango Page 127 Plate 52 Color Sample L 10
  16. ^ Maerz and Paul, A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill, p. 189; Color Sample of Antique Fuchsia Page 109 Plate 43 Color Sample K7
  17. ^ Plochere Color System:
  18. ^ Rodgers, Bruce Gay Talk: The Queen's Vernacular--A Dictionary of Gay Slang New York:1972--Paragon Books, G.P. Putnam's Sons Page 87 -- Fuchsia queen
  19. ^ Guide to Fuchsia City in Pokemon: