Fuhlsbüttel

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For the cargo ship, see SS Fuhlsbüttel.
Fuhlsbüttel
Quarter of Hamburg
Hamburg airport terminal 2
Hamburg airport terminal 2
Fuhlsbüttel  is located in Germany
Fuhlsbüttel
Fuhlsbüttel
Coordinates: 53°38′6″N 10°0′58″E / 53.63500°N 10.01611°E / 53.63500; 10.01611Coordinates: 53°38′6″N 10°0′58″E / 53.63500°N 10.01611°E / 53.63500; 10.01611
Country Germany
State Hamburg
City Hamburg
Borough Hamburg-Nord
Area
 • Total 6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Population (1.1.2006)
 • Total 11,890
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 040
Vehicle registration HH

Fuhlsbüttel is an urban quarter in the north of Hamburg, Germany in the district Hamburg-Nord. It is known as the site of Hamburg's international airport, and as the location of a prison which served as a concentration camp in the Nazi system of repression.

History[edit]

Entrance of the Camp memorial Fuhlsbüttel

In 1871, at the declaration of the German Reich the village Fuhlsbüttel was given to the State of Hamburg.

Concentration camp Fuhlsbüttel[edit]

On September 4, 1933 parts of the prison Fühlsbüttel, originally built as a regular prison in 1879, were converted to a concentration camp [1] seven months after Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor of Germany (January 30, 1933). First, it was placed under the command of the SA. Most of the inmates were Communists, Social Democrats and other political opponents of Nazism, Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, Romani, homosexual men and others whom the regime wanted to lock up. In 1936, the Gestapo began running the camp, then called Polizeigefängnis Fuhlsbüttel (police prison). Over 700 people were interned in the camp following Kristallnacht in 1938. The Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp was referred to in common parlance as KolaFu (abbreviated from Kozentrationslager Fuhlsbüttel) and became a synonym for oppression and death through hard labor. Fuhlsbüttel was often an initial point of incarceration for prisoners who were sent on to other camps such as Buchenwald, Esterwegen, Neuengamme, Ravensbrück or Sachsenhausen. The camp was liberated on May 3, 1945, by which time over 250 people had been murdered there.

There is a memorial for the camp nearby.

Geography[edit]

In 2006 according to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the quarter Fuhlsbüttel has a total area of 6.6 square kilometres (3 sq mi).

Climate[edit]

Climate chart of Fuhlsbüttel, Hamburg, for the period of time from 1961 to 1990

Demographics[edit]

As of 2006, 11,890 people were living in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter. The population density was 1,806 /km2 (4,678 /sq mi). 14.6% were children under the age of 18, and 20.5% were 65 years of age or older. 9.7% were immigrants. 508 people were registered as unemployed.[2] In 1999 there were 6,768 households and 49.7% of all households were made up of individuals.[3]

According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), 5,004 private vehicles were registered in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter (425 vehicles/1000 people).[4]

There were 2 elementary schools and 1 secondary school in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and 26 physicians in private practice and 5 pharmacies.[4]

Transport[edit]

Fuhlsbüttel is served by the Hamburg U-Bahn (underground) line U1, with two stations, Fuhlsbüttel and Fuhlsbüttel Nord (formerly called Flughafenstraße).

Since December 2008, Fuhlsbüttel is also served by the Hamburg S-Bahn S1 with the Hamburg Airport station.[5]

Notable buildings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official German list (German)
  2. ^ Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  3. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)
  4. ^ a b Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  5. ^ Staff (2008-12-14), Rapid Transit/Regional Rail (Network plan, pdf), Hamburger Verkehrsverbund, retrieved 2009-03-03 

External links[edit]