Fujiwara no Kaneie

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Fujiwara no Kaneie
藤原兼家
Fujiwara no Kaneie.jpg
Fujiwara no Kaneie by Kikuchi Yōsai
Born 929
Died July 26, 990
Nationality Japanese
Parents Fujiwara no Morosuke (father)
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Fujiwara".

Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原 兼家?, 929 – July 26, 990) was a Japanese statesman, courtier and politician during the Heian period.[1]

Career[edit]

Kaneie served as a minister during the reigns of Emperor En'yū, Emperor Kazan and Emperor Go-Ichijō.

After his rival brother Kanemichi's death in 977 he was appointed to Udaijin by his cousin Yoritada who became Kampaku after Kanemichi's death. He and his son Michikane encouraged Emperor Kazan to abdicate to accelerate Kaneie's accession to regent, and by the succession of Emperor Ichijō, he became Sesshō of Emperor Ichijō.

  • 969 (Anna 1): Ju Sammi (従三位)
  • 970 (Anna 2): Chūnagon
  • 972 (Tenroku 3, 11th month): Kaneie was promoted from the office of Chūnagon to Dainagon[2]
  • 978 (Jōgen 3, 10th month): Kaneie was named Udaijin.[3]
  • 986 (Kanna 2, 24th day of the 6th month): Sesshō (摂政) for Emperor Ichijō
  • 986 (Kanna 2, 20th day of the 7th month): retire from Udaijin
  • 989 (Eiso 1, 12th month): Kaneie is named daijō daijin.[4]
  • 990 (Shōryaku 1, 5th month): Kaneie fell seriously ill; and he abandoned his offices to become a Buddhist monk.[4]
  • July 26, 990 (Shōryaku 1, 2nd day of the 7th month): Kaneie died at the age of 62.[4]

Genealogy[edit]

This member of the Fujiwara clan was a son of Morosuke.[1] His mother was Fujiwara no Moriko (藤原 盛子), daughter of Fujiwara no Tsunekuni.

Kaneie had four brothers: Kanemichi,[5] Kinsue,[6] Koretada,[7] and Tamemitsu.[8]

His daughters were mothers of Ichijō and Sanjō.

Marriages and children[edit]

He was married to Fujiwara no Tokihime (藤原 時姫), daughter of Fujiwara no Nakamasa.

They had five children.

He was also married to a daughter of Fujiwara no Tomoyasu (藤原倫寧の娘), called Udaisyō Michitsuna no Haha (Mother of Udaishō Michitsuna) (右大将道綱母). She wrote Kagerō Nikki (蜻蛉日記).

They had a son.

  • Michitsuna (道綱) (955–1020) - Dainagon

The other children were

  • Michiyoshi (道義) (mother: a daughter of Fujiwara no Tadamoto)
  • Suishi/Yasuko (綏子) (974–1004) (mother: a daughter of Fujiwara no Kuniaki), consort of Emperor Sanjō

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fujiwara no Kaneie" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 203, p. 203, at Google Books; Brinkley, Frank et al. (1915). A History of the Japanese People from the Earliest Times to the End of the Meiji Era, p. 203., p. 203, at Google Books
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 145, p. 145, at Google Books; see "Fousiwara-no Kane ye", pre-Hepburn romanization
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 146, p. 146, at Google Books.
  4. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 151, p. 151, at Google Books.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Kanemichi" at p. 203, p. 203, at Google Books
  6. ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Kinsue" at p. 204, p. 204, at Google Books
  7. ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Koretada" at p. 205, p. 205, at Google Books
  8. ^ Brinkley, p. 259., p. 259, at Google Books

References[edit]