Fuk'anggan

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Fuk'anggan
福康安.jpg
Viceroy of Liangguang
In office
19 February 1789 – 14 September 1793
Monarch Qianlong Emperor
Preceded by Sun Shiyi
Succeeded by Changlin
Personal details
Born 1753
Died 1796 (aged 42–43)
Relations Fuheng (father)
Empress Xiaoxianchun (aunt)
Qianlong Emperor (uncle-in-law)

Fuk'anggan (Manchu:ᡶᡠᠺᠠᠩᡤᠠᠨ, Möllendorff: fuk'anggan;[1] Chinese: 福康安; pinyin: Fúkāng'ān; 1753-1796), courtesy name Yaolin (simplified Chinese: 瑶林; traditional Chinese: 瑤林; pinyin: Yáolín), was a Manchu noble and general of the Qing Dynasty. He was from the Fucha (富察) clan and the Bordered Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners.

Fuk'anggan's father, Fuheng, brother of the Empress Xiaoxianchun, served as a grand minister of state during the middle years of the reign of the Qianlong Emperor. Fuk'anggan held various offices throughout Qianlong's reign, including Governor-General, Viceroy of Liangjiang and Viceroy of Liangguang.

In 1787, 300,000 people took part in an armed insurrection in Taiwan against the Qing government. Fuk'anggan commanded 20,000 troops and suppressed the rebellion. In 1790, the Nepalese Gurkha army invaded Tibet and Jamphel Gyatso, the 8th Dalai Lama, escaped from Lhasa and appealed to the Qing government for help. The Qianlong Emperor appointed Fuk'anggan as commander-in-chief of the Tibetan campaign and Fuk'anggan not only defeated the Gurkha army and liberated Tibet but also pushed the Nepali army further into their own territory.

It was rumoured that Fuk'anggan was an illegitimate son of the Qianlong Emperor. Although the story has never been proven true, it is a fact that Fuk'anggan was the emperor's most favoured general during his reign.

Titles[edit]

  • 1776-1784: Baron Jiayong of the Third Rank (三等嘉勇男)
  • 1784-1787: Marquess Jiayong of the First Rank (一等嘉勇侯)
  • 1787-1793: Duke Jiayong of the First Rank (一等嘉勇公)
  • 1793-1796: Duke Zhongrui Jiayong (忠銳嘉勇公)
  • Posthumous title: Prince Jiayong of the Second Rank (嘉勇郡王)
  • Posthumous name: Wenxiang (文襄)

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Anonymous 1795, p. 84

References[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sun Shiyi
Viceroy of Liangguang
1789─1793
Succeeded by
Chung Ling