Fukang

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Fukang (disambiguation).
Fukang
阜康市 · ﻓُﻮْﻛْﺎ شِ‎ · فۇكاڭ شەھىرى
County-level city
Central square in Fukang City
Central square in Fukang City
Fukang is located in Xinjiang
Fukang
Fukang
Location in Xinjiang
Fukang is located in China
Fukang
Fukang
Location in China
Coordinates: 44°08′N 87°56′E / 44.133°N 87.933°E / 44.133; 87.933Coordinates: 44°08′N 87°56′E / 44.133°N 87.933°E / 44.133; 87.933
Country China
Province Xinjiang
Prefecture Changji (Hui)
Area
 • Total 11,726 km2 (4,527 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,500,000
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)

Fukang (Chinese: 阜康; pinyin: Fùkāng; Uyghur: فۇكاڭ‎) [1] is a county-level city in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. Its area is 11726 km2. and its population in 2007 was reported as approximately 1.5 million.[2] Fukang is located in northern Xinjiang in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, north of Urumqi.

History[edit]

As early as the Han and Tang periods, Fukang was an important stopover on the ancient Silk Road. The Qing Emperor Qianlong established it as a county in 1776. Its status was changed to a city in November 1992.[3]

Economy[edit]

In 2007, Fukang City's GDP was 4.822 billion yuan, 2.3 times that of 2002, an average annual increase of 17.6%. Per capita GDP reached 30,000 yuan, 2.1 times that of 2002, an average annual increase of 16.5%.[3]

Fukang's economy relies primarily on heavy industry, agriculture and tourism.[2][3]

Among the tourist attractions in the area are Bogeda peak and the Heavenly Lake of Tianshan.

Bogeda Biosphere Reserve, in the east part of the Tianshan Mountains, was designated a member of UNESCO's Man and Biosphere reserve in 1990.[4]

Irrigated agriculture in the Fukang is enabled by streams flowing from the Tian Shan mountains, as well as by the eastern branch of the Irtysh–Karamay–Ürümqi Canal, which crosses the Gurbantünggüt Desert, bringing to Fukang water from the Irtysh River.

Transport[edit]

Special Facts[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Fukang (meteorite).

In 2000 a 925 "gemstone meteorite", a pallasite meteorite known as Fukang meteorite, was found near Fukang. It is considered a large and a rare of meteorite. In 2008 the main mass was offered for sale at Bonhams for a value of US $ 2 million. However the lot remained unsold.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "فۇكاڭ: China". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  2. ^ a b "Fukang Overview". Fukang Government. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  3. ^ a b c "阜康". Baidu Encyclopedia 百科. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  4. ^ "Biosphere Reserve Information, China, BOGEDA". UNESCO Ecological Sciences for Sustainable Development. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  5. ^ Fukang Meteorite Auction Bonhams