(JR Takarazuka Line)
225-6000 series EMU on a Tanbaji Rapid service
|System||Urban Network (Amagasaki - Sasayamaguchi)|
|Locale||Hyogo Prefecture and Kyoto Prefecture|
|Stations||30 (23 as the JR Takarazuka Line)|
|Rolling stock||207 series EMU
321 series EMU
223-6000 series EMU
223-5500 series EMU
225-6000 series EMU
287 series EMU
381 series EMU
|Line length||106.5 km (66.2 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead line|
|Operating speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
The Fukuchiyama Line (福知山線 Fukuchiyama-sen?) is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) between Osaka and Fukuchiyama, Japan. Within JR West's "Urban Network" covering the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan region, the line from Osaka to Sasayamaguchi is also called the JR Takarazuka Line (JR宝塚線). The line runs through the cities of Kawanishi and Takarazuka in the northwestern corner of the Osaka metropolitan area.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2013)|
- Operators, distances: 106.5 km / 66.2 mi.
- Double-track line:
- From Amagasaki to Sasayamaguchi
- Single-track line:
- From Sasayamaguchi to Fukuchiyama
- Double-track line:
- Railway signalling: Automatic
- Maximum speed:
- From Amagasaki to Shinsanda: 120 km/h
- From Shinsanda to Fukuchiyama: 105 km/h
- CTC centers:
- From Amagasaki to Shinsanda: Ōsaka Operation Control Center
- From Shinsanda to Fukuchiyama: Fukuchiyama Transportation Control Room
- CTC system:
- From Amagasaki to Shinsanda: Safety Urban Network Traffic System (SUNTRAS)
- S : Trains stop
- s : Limited stop
- | : Trains pass
- Local: Through trains to and from the JR Kyoto Line stop at Tsukamoto Station.
- Rapid: Through trains to and from the JR Tozai Line return at Tsukaguchi Station in the non-rush hour.
|Line name||Station||Distance from
|JR Takarazuka Line||Tōkaidō Main Line||Osaka||7.7||S||S||S||
||Kita-ku, Osaka||Osaka Prefecture|
- 207 series (Rapid and Local services, through service with Tōkaidō Main Line and Katamachi Line via JR Tōzai Line)
- 223-5500 series (Local and wanman services)
- 223-6000 series (Tanbaji and Rapid services)
- 225-6000 series (Tanbaji and Rapid services)
- 321 series (Rapid and Local services, through service with Tōkaidō Main Line and Katamachi Line via JR Tōzai Line)
- 287 series (Kounotori limited express)
- 381 series (Kounotori limited express, until May 2011, from June 2012)
- 103 series (until November 2005)
- 113 series (until March 2012)
- 115 series (until 2004)
- 117 series (until April 2005)
- 201 series (until March 2007)
- 205 series (until February 2006)
- 221 series (until March 2012)
- 415 series (until 1991)
- 183 series (Kounotori limited express, until 15 March 2013)
- KiHa 58 series
- KiHa 65 series
- KiHa 47 series
- KiHa 80 series (Matsukaze limited express)
- KiHa 181 series (Matsukaze limited express)
- Kitakinki Tango Railway KTR 001 series (Tango Explorer limited express, until March 2011)
- Kitakinki Tango Railway KTR 8000 series (Tango Explorer limited express, until March 2007)
|This Section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2012)|
The Kawabe Horsecar Railway (川辺馬車鉄道 Kawabe Bashatetsudō?) started the history of the line in 1891. The railway operated the line between Amagasaki and Itami (about 8 km) by horsecars. In 1893, the horsecar railway was reorganized as Settsu Railway (摂津鉄道 Settsu Tetsudō?), which introduced steam power to the railway and extended the line to Ikeda.
The Settsu Railway was merged by Hankaku Railway (阪鶴鉄道 Hankaku Tetsudō?), which had a plan to build a railway between Osaka and Maizuru. The Hankaku Railway extended the line to Takarazuka in 1897 and to Fukuchiyama in 1899. Also the company connected the line to the Kanzaki Station (present-day Amagasaki Station) of the government line in 1898 making the line to the original Amagasaki terminal a branch. Hankaku Railway was nationalized on August 1, 1907.
The branchline between Amagasakikō Station (former Amagasaki terminal of the horsecar railway) and Tsukaguchi Station ceased passenger operation in 1981 and freight operation in 1984.
On April 25, 2005, a seven-car 207 series train on a Rapid service derailed and crashed into a building between Tsukaguchi and Amagasaki on its way for Doshisha-mae via the JR Tōzai Line and the Katamachi Line (see: Amagasaki rail crash). 107 passengers were killed in the accident. Operations on the affected part of the line remained suspended until trial runs began on June 7, 2005. Passenger service resumed on June 19, 2005.
The train involved was train number 5418M, a limited-stop "Rapid" commuter service from Takarazuka to Dōshisha-mae. It was a seven-car 207 series electric multiple unit (EMU) formation consisting of a 4-car set and a 3-car set coupled together as shown below, with car 1 leading. The train was carrying approximately 580 passengers at the time of the accident.
- Nagase, Kazuhiko (July 2005). "福知山線脱線事故の問題を語る" [Discussing the problems of the Fukuchiyama Line derailment]. Railway Journal (Japan: Tetsudō Journal) 39 (465): p.68–73.
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