Fukui Prefecture

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Fukui Prefecture
福井県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 福井県
 • Rōmaji Fukui-ken
Official logo of Fukui Prefecture
Symbol of Fukui Prefecture
Location of Fukui Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Island Honshū
Capital Fukui
Government
 • Governor Issei Nishikawa
Area
 • Total 4,188.99 km2 (1,617.38 sq mi)
Area rank 34th
Population (June 1, 2013)
 • Total 795,437
 • Rank 43rd
 • Density 189.93/km2 (491.9/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-18
Districts 7
Municipalities 17
Flower Narcissus (Narcissus tazetta)
Tree Pine tree (Pinus)
Bird Dusky thrush (Turdus naumanni)
Website www.pref.fukui.jp/english/
Current map of Fukui Prefecture
Row of sakura, Asuwa River, Fukui, Fukui
The Fukui Boys

Fukui Prefecture (福井県 Fukui-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island.[1] The capital is the city of Fukui.[2]

Prehistory[edit]

The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded the Fukuiraptor kitadaniensis and Fukuisaurus tetoriensis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid and a new sauropod. It also shows the coexistence of pterosaurs and birds, in the forms of comingled tracks.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Fukui originally consisted of the old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 1871.[3]

During the Edo period, the daimyō of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, and was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Geography[edit]

The province faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population. The mountain side of the eastern part has much snow in winter.

As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park.[4]

Cities[edit]

Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:

Towns[edit]

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Economy[edit]

  • Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses.
  • There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region. It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture.[5]

Demographics[edit]

One of the less populated prefectures of Japan, according to the latest estimates (01 June 2013) 795,437 people live in Fukui, ranking 43/47 of all prefectures.

Culture[edit]

  • Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritages in Japan.
  • Eihei-ji is a serene temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land of about 330,000 m².
  • Myōtsū-ji's Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan.
  • Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan. It was built in 1576.
  • Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can been seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum.
  • Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben.
  • Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto). Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.
  • Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops which results in delicious sake, rice, and famous soba noodles.

Friendship cities[edit]

Education[edit]

University[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railroad[edit]

Road[edit]

Expressway and Toll Road[edit]

  • Hokuriku Expressway
  • Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
  • Chubu Jukan Expressway
  • Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
  • Mount Hoonji Toll Road

National Highway[edit]

  • Route 8
  • Route 27
  • Route 157
  • Route 158
  • Route 161
  • Route 162
  • Route 303
  • Route 305
  • Route 364
  • Route 365
  • Route 367
  • Route 416
  • Route 417
  • Route 418
  • Route 476

Port[edit]

Tsuruga Port

Tourism[edit]

  • Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
  • Eihei-ji Temple
  • Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.
  • Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter.
  • Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish, that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
  • Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukui-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217, p. 217, at Google Books; "Chūbu" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Fukui" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217, p. 217, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Fujioka, Chisa. "Japan anti-nuclear movement gains traction as crisis drags on". Reuters. 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2014-02-07.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°59′N 136°11′E / 35.983°N 136.183°E / 35.983; 136.183