Fukuoka Prefecture

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Fukuoka Prefecture
福岡県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 福岡県
 • Rōmaji Fukuoka-ken
Official logo of Fukuoka Prefecture
Symbol of Fukuoka Prefecture
Location of Fukuoka Prefecture
Coordinates: 33°36′N 130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°E / 33.600; 130.583Coordinates: 33°36′N 130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°E / 33.600; 130.583
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Island Kyushu
Capital Fukuoka City
Government
 • Governor Hiroshi Ogawa (since April 2011)
Area
 • Total 4,971.01 km2 (1,919.32 sq mi)
Area rank 29th
Population (June 1, 2013)
 • Total 5,088,483
 • Rank 9th
 • Density 1,020.26/km2 (2,642.5/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-40
Districts 12
Municipalities 60
Flower Ume blossom (Prunus mume)
Tree Azalea (Rhododendron tsutsusi)
Bird Japanese Bush Warbler (Cettia diphone)
Website www.pref.fukuoka.lg.jp/somu/
multilingual/english/top.html

Fukuoka Prefecture (福岡県 Fukuoka-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located on Kyūshū Island.[1] The capital is the city of Fukuoka.[2]

History[edit]

Fukuoka Prefecture includes the former provinces of Chikugo, Chikuzen, and Buzen.[3]

Shrines and temples[edit]

Kōra taisha, Sumiyoshi-jinja, Hakosagi-gū and Usa jinjū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [4]

Geography[edit]

Map of Fukuoka Prefecture.

Fukuoka Prefecture faces the sea on three sides, bordering on Saga, Ōita, and Kumamoto prefectures and facing Yamaguchi Prefecture across the Kanmon Straits.

As of 1 April 2012, 18% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park, Genkai, Kitakyūshū, and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Parks, and Chikugogawa, Chikuhō, Dazaifu, Sefuri Raizan, and Yabegawa Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]

Fukuoka includes the two largest cities on Kyūshū, Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, and much of Kyūshū's industry. It also includes a number of small islands near the north coast of Kyūshū.

Fukuoka City
Kitakyushu
Kurume
Omuta

Cities[edit]

Twenty-eight cities are located in Fukuoka Prefecture:

Towns and villages[edit]

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Economy[edit]

Fukuoka prefecture's main cities form one of Japan's main industrial centers, accounting for nearly 40% of the economy of Kyūshū. Major industries include automobiles, semiconductors, and steel. Fukuoka prefecture is noteworthy as the place where tire manufacturer Bridgestone[1] and consumer electronics chain Best Denki were founded.

Universities[edit]

Institution Location
Fukuoka University Fukuoka
Kurume University Kurume
Kyushu Institute of Technology Kitakyūshū and Iizuka
Kyushu University Fukuoka and Kasuga
Seinan Gakuin University Fukuoka
Kyushu Institute of Information Sciences   Dazaifu
Kyushu Sangyo University Fukuoka
Fukuoka Women's University Fukuoka
Fukuoka University of Education Munakata, Fukuoka

[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the latest Japanese population estimates (01 June 2013), population in Fukuoka Prefecture reached 5,088,483 habitants. Making the prefecture the 9th most populated of Japan of all 47 prefectures.

Culture[edit]

Major events and festivals[edit]

  • Hakata Dontaku Harbour Festival, Tenjin, Fukuoka on May 3 and 4
  • Hakata Gion Yamagasa, Kushida Shrine, Fukuoka on July
  • Kokura Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu on July
  • Tobata Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu on July
  • Kurosaki Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu on July
  • Kitahara Hakushu Festival, Yanagawa on November 1 to 3[citation needed]

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Fukuoka.

Football (soccer)
Baseball
Basketball
Rugby

The prefecture has two significant annual athletics events: the Fukuoka International Cross Country and the Fukuoka International Open Marathon Championship. The marathon race has been held in Fukuoka since 1959 and has seen a number of world records broken during its history.[7]

Crime and safety[edit]

Fukuoka Prefecture has the largest number of designated yakuza groups among all of the prefectures, at 5; the Kudo-kai, the Taishu-kai, the Fukuhaku-kai, the Dojin-kai and the Kyushu Seido-kai.[8] Between 2004 and 2009, and in early 2011,[9] Fukuoka Prefecture leads the nation in gun-related incidents.[10] These incidents were mostly related to the local yakuza syndicates, specifically the Kudo-kai, the Dojin-kai and the Kyushu Seido-kai.[9]

Fukuoka Prefecture has had the highest frequency of youth crime among all of the prefectures of Japan since 2003.[11]

Tourism[edit]

The most popular place for tourism is Fukuoka City, especially at the time of the Dontaku festival, and Dazaifu, although Kitakyūshū has also tried to attract tourists.

Transportation[edit]

Train

Sister regions[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]