Fukushima Airport was conceived in the late 1970s, and planning at the prefectural level began in 1981. Construction took place between 1998 and 1991, and the airport opened on March 20, 1993. The international terminal was opened in 1999.
The airport remained operational during and following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in March 2011, and temporarily saw increased domestic service during the closure of the Tōhoku Shinkansen high-speed rail line to Tokyo. The disasters caused minor damage to the airport itself but led to the suspension of scheduled international service by Asiana Airlines (to Seoul) and China Eastern Airlines (to Shanghai). In November 2011, the airport terminal operator filed a claim against Tokyo Electric Power for 48 million yen in lost profits stemming from the lost international service. As of June 2013[update] Asiana is considering resumption of scheduled service to Seoul due to the resurgent popularity of charter services with both Japanese and Korean tourists, but the Shanghai service appears much less likely to resume in the foreseeable future.