Fula people of Sierra Leone
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (August 2009)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|15% of Sierra Leone's population, primarily in: Northern province
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Fula people|
Fula people of Sierra Leone is the third major ethnic group in Sierra Leone and a branch of the Fula people of West Africa. The make up about 15% of Sierra Leone's population. The Sierra Leone Fula people settled in the Western Area region of Sierra Leone more than four hundred years ago as settlers from the Fouta Djallon Kingdom that expanded to northern Sierra Leone (Kabala, Bombali).
The Sierra Leonean Fula are traditionally a nomadic, pastoralist, trading people, herding cattle, goats and sheep across the vast dry hinterlands of their domain, keeping somewhat separate from the local agricultural populations. Many of the large shopping centers in Sierra Leone are owned and run by the Fula community.
Today over 90% of Sierra Leonean Fula are Muslim. A significant number of the Sierra Leonean Fula population are found in all regions of Sierra Leone as traders.
The Sierra Leonean Fula villages are scattered, but each has a central court and a mosque. Together, these compose a miside (community). Each miside has a headman who handles village affairs and who answers to a chief. The homes of the settled Krio Fula are round with mud walls and thatched roofs that projects over encircling porches. However, nomadic Krio Fula live in simpler structures, since they are so often moving with the herds. These houses have neither walls nor verandahs, and are encircled by cattle corrals.
Daughters remain with their mothers until they marry. However, as soon as a son reaches puberty, he leaves the family compound and lives alone in a nearby compound, usually with some cattle. This new compound will be the home of the son and his future wife.
Religious and Traditional beliefs
The majority of Sierra Leonean Fulnis are Muslims. Few Christians can be found among them. Some of them practice herbal healings.
The "herd owner's feast" is one such ceremony. During this feast, a bull that has served ten seasons is presented, killed, and eaten.
The Sierra Leonean Fula are primarily skilled cattle farmers, with their lives depending upon and revolving around the cattle herds. The status of a family can be determined by the size and health of its cattle. The more a man knows about cattle herding, the greater respect he is given by the community.
Herding cattle is usually a male activity; however, the women milk and take care of the cattle. They also tend to the small livestock and poultry, cultivate gardens, and carry containers of milk and cheese to the local markets for sell or trade.
Notable Sierra leonean Fula people
- Alimamy Umar Jallo Jamboria Fulani chief during colonial rule whose actions made fulas recognised as citizens and also influenced the colonial citizenry act which states that citizenship is by birth from parents of negro African descent.
- Amadu Dausie WurieFirst Minister of Education at Independence,born at Gbinit Dibia in the Port Loko District.
- Alhaji Alimamy Seray-Wurie..Freetown Fullah Chief, Certified Accountant, Deputy Secretary-General of Mano River Union. Born at Foulah Town in Freetown
- Abdul Malik Jallo JamboriaDeputy cabinet secretary in the mid 60s,later Principal, Civil Service Training College, Rokel Street,Tower hill and finally Chief Commissioner,National Registration Secretariat prior to his death in the early 80s.
- Alim Jallo Jamboria,Chief Government Architect and Professional head, Ministry of Works, MD Alton Associates Ltd.He drew the plan for the Central bank's Samuel Bangura Building at Charlotte Street and the adjoning car park.
- Abass Ali son of the fula chieftain after Alimamy Jamboria who also was a prominent business man dealing in diverse marchandise but mainly Diamonds a,gold and real estate.
- Umu Hawa Tejan Jalloh, current Chief Justice of Sierra Leone
- Minkailu Bah, current Sierra Leone's minister of Education, Youth and Sports
- Sulaiman Tejan-Jalloh, current Sierra Leone ambassador to the United Kingdom
- Abass Bundu, Sierra Leonean diplomat and politician
- Alhaji Amadu Jalloh, Sierra Leonean politician and leader of the National Democratic Alliance political party
- Abubakarr Jalloh, former Sierra Leone Minister of Mineral Resources
- Alimamy Rassin, Sierra Leonean Fula chief during colonial period
- Amadu Wurie, early Sierra Leonean educationist and politician
- Mohamed Bailor Barrie, Sierra Leonean Businessman and Advocate
- Alimamy Jalloh, Sierra Leonean football star
- Mahmadu Alphajor Bah, Sierra Leonean football star
- Umu Jalloh, former Sierra Leonean football star
Rashid Wurie, former Sierra Leonean international football star
- Sajoh Bah, African languages advocate, author, poet, linguist, Fulfulde language and Fulfulde Ajami specialist, proprietor and Chief Editor of Peeral Media Network (www.peeral.com ): an online magazine exclusively published in Fulfulde.
- Momodu Allieu Pat-Sowe, Minister of Aviation and Transportation of Sierra Leone.
- Sulaiman Baba Timbo, Diplomat and Statesman, former UNESCO Diplomat, first Sierra Leonean Ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States, former Sierra Leonean Ambassador plenipotentiary to the Benelux and EU,
- Alhaji M.B. Jalloh, Sierra Leone's Information Attache' to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States, former editor of The African Champion Newspaper
- Alhaji Mamadu Alpha Jalloh, Sierral Leonean Businessman and Fula chief for the Western District of Freetown, Sierra Leone.
- Alimamy Umar Jallo Jamboria
- Abdul Malik Jallo Jamboria
- Abass Ali
- Alim Jallo Jamboria
- Umu Hawa Tejan Jalloh
- Minkailu Bah
- Amadu Wurie
- Alhaji Alimamy Seray-Wurie
- Sulaiman Tejan-Jalloh
- Abass Bundu
- Sajoh Bah
- Mahmadu Alphajor Bah
- Alimamy Rassin
- Mohamed Bailor Barrie
- Alhaji Amadu Jalloh
- Alhaji Mamadu Alpha Jalloh
- Alimamy Jalloh
- Momodu Allieu Pat-Sowe
- Sulaiman Baba Timbo
- Abu Bakarr Bah, professor, sociologist, and editor of African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review