Fulbright–Hays Act of 1961
The Fulbright–Hays Act of 1961 is officially known as the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (Pub.L. 87–256, 75 Stat. 527). It was marshalled by United States Senator J. William Fulbright (D-AR) and enacted by the 87th United States Congress on September 21, 1961, the same month the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and Peace Corps Act of 1961 were enacted.
As the preamble of the Fulbright–Hays Act of 1961 states:
The purpose of this chapter is to enable the Government of the United States to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries by means of educational and cultural exchange; to strengthen the ties which unite us with other nations by demonstrating the educational and cultural interests, developments, and achievements of the people of the United States and other nations, and the contributions being made toward a peaceful and more fruitful life for people throughout the world; to promote international cooperation for educational and cultural advancement; and thus to assist in the development of friendly, sympathetic, and peaceful relations between the United States and the other countries of the world.
- "Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-07-25.