Full monty (phrase)
The full monty is a British slang phrase of uncertain origin. It is generally used to mean "everything which is necessary, appropriate, or possible; ‘the works’". It has been in common usage in the north of England at least since the early 1980s as the 1982 Yellow Pages for Manchester lists fish and chip shops called the "Full Monty Chippy" and the "Fullmonty Chippy". A US equivalent might be the phrase "the whole nine yards", "the whole ball of wax", "the whole enchilada", "the whole shebang" or "the whole hog".
Since the 1997 release of the film The Full Monty, which features a group of men in Sheffield learning to become striptease performers, the phrase has also come to mean a person removing every item of their clothing.
Possible origins of the phrase include:
- Rigorous training by Field Marshal Montgomery: 'We suddenly knew that we were going to be put through the full Monty treatment.'
- The large breakfasts eaten by Field Marshal Montgomery.
- The huge Eighth Army commanded by Field Marshal Montgomery during the desert campaign in World War 2.
- A full three-piece suit with waistcoat and a spare pair of trousers (as opposed to a standard two-piece suit) from the Leeds-based British tailors Montague Burton. When the British forces were demobilised after World War 2, they were issued with a "demob suit". The contract for supplying these suits was partly fulfilled by Montague Burton.
- Gamblers’ jargon, meaning the entire kitty or pot, deriving from the card game called monte
- "full monty, n. (and adj.)" Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2001.
- "1983/1984 "the full Monty" antedating". listserv.linguistlist.org. 25 Sep 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- Quinion, Michael. "World Wide Words: The Full Monty". worldwidewords.org. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- "It's in the dictionary, d'oh!". BBC News. 14 June 2001. Retrieved 2010-08-18.