Full size van

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A full size van is a marketing term used in North America for a van larger than a minivan, that is characterized by a large boxy appearance, a short hood, and very heavy cargo/passenger hauling capacity. In recent times they consistently feature a powertrain of a V8 engine, automatic transmission and rear wheel drive.[1] In the United Kingdom, a full size van is known as a minibus.

They largely replaced the compact vans which were introduced in the early 1960s to compete with the Volkswagen bus, based on compact car components. Like modern minivans, compact vans have car-like motors, and drive like cars, especially when compared to a sedan.

The first full size van was the 1969 Ford Econoline, which used components from the F-Series pickups. General Motors and Dodge would follow suit with designs with the engines placed even farther forward, and succeeding generations of the Econoline would also introduce longer hoods.

The market is entirely dominated nowadays by the Ford E-Series and Chevrolet Express / GMC Savana.

In the mid-2010s, many full size vans, such as, the Ford Transit and the Ram ProMaster, have combined the styling and the ability of the compact van/minivan to give them somewhat more car-like appearances in terms of their looks and functionality. The same goes for Mercedes-Benz Sprinter, which actually functions and drives more like a truck rather than a car, despite its car-like appearance and features.

So far recently, the only full size vans that have retained their full size van purities are the Chevrolet Express and GMC Savana, since these styles are very well-liked by many fans.