Fuller Brush Company
||It has been suggested that Mohawk Brush Company be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2011.|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008)|
|Type||Privately held subsidiary (since 2007)|
|Products||Branded and private label products for personal care as well as commercial and household cleaning|
|Parent||Sara Lee (1968–1989); Privately held (1989–1994); CPAC Inc. (since 1994)|
The Fuller Brush Company sells branded and private label products for personal care as well as commercial and household cleaning; it is a subsidiary of CPAC Inc., which since 2007 has been owned by the private equity group Buckingham Capital Partners. Fuller Brush was founded in 1906, by Alfred Carl Fuller, and since 1968 it has been owned by CPAC.
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In 1931, the establishment of the first of what became known as the Green River Ordinance led Fuller Brush to challenge the ordinance's limits on door-to-door sales; the case went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, where on March 1, 1937 it dismissed the appeal "for want of a substantial federal question."
World War II saw the company "cut its normal civilian output drastically to make brushes for the cleaning of guns"; Fuller's son Howard became president in 1943. After the war, Fuller added Daggett & Ramsdell, Inc.'s Débutante Cosmetics to its line of products it sold house-to-house, sold by a sales force of women, a strategy resurrected after a wartime attempt to have "Fullerettes" sell their core products. Fuller had evidence that women could succeed at sales since Stanley Beveridge, who had left his position as Fuller's sales vice president in 1929, had by 1949 employed women as "dealers" to grow sales at his own company, Stanley Home Products, to $35 million, exceeding Fuller's sales for the first time.
1959 to 1994
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In 1959, Avard E. Fuller, one of the founder's sons, became Fuller Brush's president.
In 1966, Fuller Brush hired 17,500 women, motivated by the lack of qualified men (the unemployment rate was 3.8%) and the example set by Avon Products. Sara Lee Corporation acquired Fuller Brush in 1968; Avard Fuller retired a year later.
By 1985, all of the company's sales were still generated door-to-door. By the mid-1980s, in recognition of the increasing number of women working outside the home, Fuller Brush began introducing other sales channels beyond door-to-door, including a mail-order catalogue that sent out 10 million catalogues a year, and several outlet stores selling "slow-selling items, returned merchandise or slightly flawed goods"; by mid-1989, 35% of that year's estimated $160 million in sales came from catalogues, with another 5% of coming from its stores. Later that same year, a group of investors from Kansas headed by Lee Turner, a trial lawyer, took Fuller private; by 1991 the company now known as Fuller Industries and led by Stuart A. Ochiltree, had integrated its door-to-door and catalog business, with its 12,000 mostly part-time sales representatives receiving commissions for sales from either channel.
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In June 1994, Fuller, once again known as Fuller Brush Company, was acquired by CPAC Inc., a Leicester, New York-based manufacturer of photographic chemicals; CPAC took on the "heavy debt burden" accumulated while the company was private and whose annual sales, increasingly focused on chemicals, had shrunk to $24 million.
In February, 2012, Fuller Brush Company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
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The main factory for the Fuller Brush Company was located in East Hartford, Connecticut during the 1960s, where Fuller's son Avard ran the company. It had moved from Hartford on the other side of river some years earlier. The Research Division was there, along with the plastics molding operation.
The Industrial Brush Division was also at the East Hartford plant, where they made large motor-driven brushes for developing newspaper printing photo metal plates. All the mops were sewn at this plant. The perfuming operation was there also, including a large machine to detect what was in perfume made by other companies.
In front of the East Hartford plant was a large glass case with a stuffed large boar that represented the boar hair used in some of the original Fuller brushes.
Fuller had a "private label" division, Charter Products, that sold duplicate products under other brand names chosen by the distributor. Avard's interest in boating resulted in experiments at the plant with plastic molding of port lights (windows) for boats, including full plastic hardware.
The plastic bottle and toothbrush manufacturing operation was in Philmont, New York. According to Fuller's memoir, Fuller Brush distributed the Bristlecomb, a hairbrush introduced by the Mohawk Company in 1928. In 1942, Fuller Brush bought out the Mohawk Brush Company and subsequently all the hairbrushes and industrial floor brushes were manufactured at the Mohawk Plant in Albany, New York.
Great Bend, Kansas
Examples of former employees include evangelist Billy Graham, who became a Fuller Brush salesman during the summer after high school, and outsold "every other salesman in North Carolina"; in his 1997 autobiography, Just As I Am, Graham describes in some detail his experiences selling Fuller brushes door-to-door. Ellen Barkin was "born in the Bronx to a father who worked as a Fuller Brush man". Clifford Irving "was a Fuller Brush man in Syracuse."
In popular culture
- The Big Bad Wolf disguises himself as a Fuller Brush salesman in Disney's 1933 Academy Award-winning Silly Symphonies version of Three Little Pigs. Other examples include:
- In a 1944 Warner Brothers Looney Tunes cartoon titled "Duck Soup to Nuts" starring Daffy Duck and Porky Pig. At one point in the episode Daffy Duck is hiding underwater from Porky Pig who is playing the role of the duck hunter. Daffy, is found lounging in a hammock at the bottom of the lake, he spots Porky Pig who is wearing an old diving helmet. Daffy Duck is then drawn wearing a hat and holding a salesperson's very large briefcase. Daffy Duck then knocks on Porky's helmet. "Knock, knock!" to which Porky answers, "Who's there?". Daffy then exclaims "It's The Fuller Brush Man!", causing Porky to promptly open his mask, sending a flood of water into the diving helmet which in turn rockets Porky to the surface for air!
- The company also inspired two comedy films, The Fuller Brush Man, a 1948 movie starring Red Skelton and Janet Blair and The Fuller Brush Girl, a 1950 movie starring Lucille Ball and Eddie Albert.
- A Fuller Brush salesman is mentioned in French-Canadian author Gabrielle Roy's short story "Ely! Ely! Ely!", first published in 1979 then in 1988 in the book "De quoi t'ennuies-tu Eveline?"
- The Fuller Brush salesman is mentioned by rock and roots artist James McMurtry in the song Fuller Brush Man. The song appears on his 1995 release Where'd you Hide the Body, released by Columbia records.
- The 1972 song by John Prine "The Frying Pan" from Diamonds in the Rough begins with the line "I came home from work this evening, there was a note in the frying pan, it said cook your own supper babe, I've run off with the Fuller Brush Man."
- The song "Sneakin' Around" from The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas(1984) mentions "jokes about the Fuller brush man," presumably of a bawdy nature.
- In a 1987 Episode (on Disc 2 of Disney's DuckTales), Uncle Scrooge (voiced by Alan Young) is fast-talked into letting into his house a Fuller Brush salesman (Filler Brushbill) who proceeds to sell Scrooge and his nephews (Huey, Dewey and Louie) all kinds of junk that they don't need. They discover amongst their purchases first-edition copies of William Drakespeare's plays, one of which contains a note written by Drakespeare hinting at the existence of a "lost play." (from episode "Much Ado About Scrooge").
- Often referred to as San Francisco’s last door-to-door salesman, as of 2013, Norman Hall continues to sell Fuller Brush products in the Bay Area and was interviewed on Radio Sausalito. 
- "CPAC Inc. and Buckingham Capital Partners II, L.P. Complete Merger". Press release. CPAC Inc. April 16, 2007. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "Fact Sheet". CPAC Inc. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "Business & Finance: Fuller's Fillies". Time. July 12, 1948. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "Railroad Workers Demand Protection of Their Daytime Sleep". Green River, Wyoming. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "The Brush Man". Time. January 16, 1950. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "Avard E. Fuller, 76, Fuller Brush Executive". The New York Times. October 27, 1992. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "Jobs: A Good Man Is Hard to Find—So They Hire Women". Time. November 4, 1966. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- Berg, Eric N. (May 18, 1989). "Fuller Brush Tries New Approach". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- Barmash, Isadore (February 13, 1991). "Fuller Industries Picks Executive From Avon". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "CPAC Agrees to Acquire Fuller Brush". The New York Times. June 17, 1994. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- Associated Press. "Historic door-to-door retailer Fuller Brush files for bankruptcy protection". Washington Post. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Fuller, Alfred C. as told to Hartzell Spence (1960). A Foot in the Door, p.220. McGraw-Hill, New York.
- "Billy Graham: A New Kind of Evangelist". Time. October 25, 1954. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- Witchel, Alex (April 22, 2011). "Ellen Barkin Is No Uptown Girl". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "The Fabulous Hoax of Clifford Irving". Time. February 21, 1972. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- Gertler, T. (February 2, 1987). "The Pee-wee perplex". Rolling Stone.