Fuller Warren

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Fuller Warren
37 Warren.jpg
30th Governor of Florida
In office
January 4, 1949 – January 6, 1953
Preceded by Millard F. Caldwell
Succeeded by Daniel T. McCarty
Personal details
Born October 3, 1905
Blountstown, Florida
Died September 23, 1973 (aged 67)
Miami, Florida
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Sallie Mae Stegall
Pat Pacetti
Barbara Manning
Profession Lawyer
Religion Baptist

Fuller Warren (October 3, 1905 – September 23, 1973) was an American attorney and politician, elected as the 30th Governor of Florida.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Blountstown, Florida, he attended the University of Florida in Gainesville. While at the University he was one of the early members of Florida Blue Key, as well as the Tau Chapter of Theta Chi Fraternity. While still attending the university, he was elected in 1927 at the age of 21 to the Florida House of Representatives.[1]

Legal career and early politics[edit]

Following graduation, he moved to Jacksonville, where he began practicing law. He served on the city council from 1931 until 1937; he was elected and returned to the Florida House in 1939. During World War II, he was a gunnery officer in the U.S. Navy.

Term as governor[edit]

Warren was nominated for governor by the Democratic Party in 1948; his platform included promises to fight racism in Florida. In addition to having to deal with racial segregation, most blacks were still disenfranchised and cut out of the official political system.[2]:108-9 Warren won the election and assumed the office of governor on January 4, 1949.

After his election, he spoke out against the Ku Klux Klan, stating after a rally in January 1949 that

The hooded hoodlums and sheeted jerks who paraded the streets of Tallahassee last night made a disgusting and alarming spectacle. These covered cowards who call themselves Klansmen quite obviously have set out to terrorize minority groups in Florida as they have in a near-by state.[3]

In March of 1949, reports were published that Warren had been a member of the Klan. He issued a statement saying that he had been a member before World War II, but during it he had "helped to fight a war to destroy the Nazis — first cousins to Klansmen."[4]

During his term, Warren set the foundations for the state's turnpike system, began the Florida reforestation program, instituted quality control programs on Florida's citrus crops, and signed a law that forbade cattle from wandering freely (as they damaged crops). In 1951 Warren signed an anti-Klan law which, although not mentioning the Klan specifically, forbade the wearing of masks in public or on the private property of another person without the written permission of the owner.[5]

The hearings of the United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce, chaired by Senator Estes Kefauver, brought to light the involvement of Florida public officials in gambling-related corruption involving numbers games and bolita. There were accusations that Warren's 1948 campaign had been funded by organized criminals.[2]:247-8 Warren refused to cooperate with the committee, claiming that to do so would contradict the principle of States' rights.[6] In a letter to Senator Herbert O'Conor, in which Warren informed the committee that he would not appear before them, he stated: "I think state sovereignty as conceived by the founders of our Government is something more than a fading memory to rest in the nation's archives."[7]

In 1951, a legislator in the Florida House of Representatives introduced a resolution to impeach Warren for "wilfully ignoring" his duty to eliminate illegal gambling in Florida and for falsifying papers related to his 1948 campaign.[2]:248 The House voted on May 28, 1951 to reject the articles of impeachment.[8]

Later years[edit]

After Warren left office on January 6, 1953, he moved to Miami, where he practiced law. He ran for governor again in 1956, promising "to maintain segregation in Florida."[9] But, he lost the election to LeRoy Collins.

Warren died in Miami in 1973.[6]

Legacy and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James C. Clark (1 September 2000). 200 Quick Looks at Florida History. Pineapple Press Inc. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-56164-200-7. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Gilbert King (6 March 2012). Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-209771-2. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Klan Fought in Florida: Gov. Warren Assails Marchers, Says He Will Ask Legal Ban". New York Times. 29 January 1949. p. 7. 
  4. ^ "Official Once In The Klan: Florida Governor Says He Does All in Power to Stop It Now". New York Times. 16 March 1949. p. 30. 
  5. ^ "Fuller Warren Signs Florida Anti-Klan Law". Chicago Defender. 19 May 1951. p. 11. 
  6. ^ a b "Fuller Warren of Florida Dies; Served Two Terms as Governor: Elected While a Student". New York Times. 24 September 1973. p. 36. 
  7. ^ "Florida Governor Defies Senators". New York Times. 3 July 1951. p. 1. 
  8. ^ "Impeachment Step Beaten in Florida". New York Times. p. 17. 
  9. ^ "Florida Ex-Governor to Run". New York Times. 22 February 1956. p. 21. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Millard F. Caldwell
Governor of Florida
1949–1953
Succeeded by
Daniel T. McCarty