Location within Fulton County and the state of Kentucky
|• Total||2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)|
|• Land||2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
|• Density||983.0/sq mi (379.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||270 & 364|
|GNIS feature ID||0492615|
Fulton is a city in Fulton County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 2,775 at the 2000 census. It was once known as the "Banana Capital of the World" because 70% of imported bananas to the U.S. used to be shipped there. U.S. Route 51 runs through the center of downtown. Fulton is part of the Union City-Hickman, TN–KY Micropolitan Statistical Area.
A post office was established in the community, then known as Pontotoc, in 1847. The post office was renamed Fulton in 1861. It was formally incorporated by the state assembly in 1872. Fulton Station was located on the Paducah and Gulf Railroad.
In the first decade of the 20th century, the Southern Baptist clergyman Monroe E. Dodd began his long ministry at a church in Fulton. For many years, he was the pastor of First Baptist Church of Shreveport, Louisiana. A decade earlier, Ben M. Bogard, later the founder of the American Baptist Association in Texarkana, Texas, and long-time pastor of Antioch Missionary Baptist Church in Little Rock, Arkansas, had been a pastor in Fulton, where he was part of the Landmark Baptist movement.
Banana Capital of the World
The United Fruit Co, now Chiquita, began shipping bananas from South America by ship to New Orleans. The bananas were loaded onto railcars on top of 162 pound blocks of ice for the trip north. Fulton had the only ice house on the route north to Chicago. The bananas were re-iced with blocks from the Fulton Ice Plant, now closed. Empty railcars were pulled up to the side of the ice house and these large blocks of ice were loaded end up covering the entire box car. The bananas were then laid on top of the ice to continue their journey. At one point, over 70% of the bananas that were consumed in the US passed through Fulton.
From 1962 through 1992, Fulton held the International Banana Festival. The largest banana pudding in the world at 2000 pounds was even part of the banana parade.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,775 people, 1,225 households, and 753 families residing in the city. The population density was 983.0 people per square mile (379.9/km²). There were 1,388 housing units at an average density of 491.7 per square mile (190.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.35% White, 29.41% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.86% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.
There were 1,225 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 75.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,345, and the median income for a family was $27,625. Males had a median income of $26,029 versus $21,696 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,260. About 22.4% of families and 24.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.2% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Fulton uses The Commission Plan form of government, which is composed of a mayor elected to a four-year term and 4 commissioners elected to two-year terms. The executive and legislative authority of the city are exercised by the city commission, and administrative responsibilities are the province of the city manager.
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Fulton. Fulton is one of only four cities in Kentucky provided passenger rail service by Amtrak. The station is unmonitored and served by the City of New Orleans route running between New Orleans and Chicago.
Points of interest
- "Piece » Banana pudding in Fulton, Kentucky". PRX. December 1, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 111. Retrieved 28 Apr 2013.
- Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Fulton, Kentucky". Accessed 26 Jul 2013.
- Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 281.
- "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 4, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.