Fulton County, New York

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Fulton County, New York
Fulton County Courthouse Aug 05.jpg
Fulton County Courthouse
Seal of Fulton County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Fulton County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1838
Named for Robert Fulton
Seat Johnstown
Largest city Gloversville
Area
 • Total 533 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Land 496 sq mi (1,285 km2)
 • Water 37 sq mi (96 km2), 6.89%
Population
 • (2010) 55,531
 • Density 112/sq mi (43.2/km²)
Congressional district 21st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,531.[1] Its county seat is Johnstown.[2] The county is named in honor of Robert Fulton,[3] who is widely credited with developing the first commercially successful steamboat.

History[edit]

In 1838, Fulton County was split off from Montgomery, shortly after the Montgomery county seat was moved to Fonda, New York. The creation of Fulton County was engineered by Johnstown lawyer Daniel Cady, whose wife was a cousin of Robert Fulton.[4]

Fulton County was created on April 18, 1838 by a partition of Montgomery County, resulting in a county with an area of 550 square miles (1,400 km2).[5]

The old Tryon County courthouse, later the Montgomery County courthouse, became the Fulton County Courthouse, where it is the oldest operating courthouse in New York.

One adjustment has been made to the area of Fulton County. On April 6, 1860, 10 square miles (26 km2) on the northern border was transferred to Hamilton in the vicinity of Sacandaga Park.[6] This resulted in the Fulton County that exists today.

In the mid-18th century, Sir William Johnson, founder of Fort Johnson in Montgomery County and of Johnstown, arrived in the area that would become Fulton County. Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, was an Irish pioneer and army officer in colonial New York, and the British Superintendent of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1774. His homes, Fort Johnson and Johnson Hall are current New York State Historic Sites.

Fulton County was also home to Elizabeth Cady Stanton, a central pioneer in the women's rights movement in America.

Shortly after the American Revolutionary War, the manufacture of gloves and leather became the primary industry of the area. At one point, Johnstown and Gloversville were known as the Glove and Leather capital of the world. The largest rise in population and growth came as a result of the fruits of these businesses.

Many residents of Fulton County can trace their ancestry back to the glove and leather trades. Today few glovers, tanners and leather dressers still exist in the area, although some companies have adapted to the changes in the market and kept themselves competitive.

Geography[edit]

Fulton County is in the central part of the state, northwest of Albany.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 533 square miles (1,380.5 km2), of which 496 square miles (1,284.6 km2) is land and 37 square miles (95.8 km2) (6.89%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 18,049
1850 20,171 11.8%
1860 24,162 19.8%
1870 27,064 12.0%
1880 30,985 14.5%
1890 37,650 21.5%
1900 42,842 13.8%
1910 44,534 3.9%
1920 44,927 0.9%
1930 46,560 3.6%
1940 48,597 4.4%
1950 51,021 5.0%
1960 51,304 0.6%
1970 52,637 2.6%
1980 55,153 4.8%
1990 54,191 −1.7%
2000 55,073 1.6%
2010 55,531 0.8%
Est. 2012 54,925 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 55,073 people, 21,884 households, and 14,509 families residing in the county. The population density was 111 people per square mile (43/km²). There were 27,787 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.99% White, 1.80% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 1.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.2% were of Italian, 16.4% German, 13.2% Irish, 10.0% English, 8.3% American, 5.8% French and 5.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.1% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,884 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,663, and the median income for a family was $39,801. Males had a median income of $29,538 versus $22,173 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,844. About 9.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.50% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, and villages[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

The following public use airports are located in the county:[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 133. 
  4. ^ New England Historic Genealogical Society
  5. ^ New York. Laws of New York.: 1838, 61st Session, Chapter 332, Section 1, Page 328.
  6. ^ New York. Laws of New York.: 1860, 83rd Session, Chapter 178; Page 298.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Fulton County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 13, 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°07′N 74°25′W / 43.11°N 74.42°W / 43.11; -74.42