Fumio Kyūma

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Fumio Kyūma
久間 章生
Fumio Kyuma in Pentagon.jpg
Defense Minister
In office
9 September 2006 – 3 July 2007
Preceded by Fukushiro Nukaga
Succeeded by Yuriko Koike
Constituency Nagasaki Prefecture 2nd District
Personal details
Born (1940-12-04) 4 December 1940 (age 73)
Minamishimabara, Nagasaki, Japan
Political party Liberal Democratic Party
Religion Tenrikyo[1]

Fumio Kyūma (久間 章生 Kyūma Fumio?, born 4 December 1940) is a Japanese politician who has served in the Diet of Japan since 1980.[2] Kyuma graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1964 and worked for the Ministry of Agriculture.[3] He was elected to the Nagasaki Prefectural Assembly in 1971 serving three terms before being elected to the Diet as a member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) for Nagasaki Number 2.

Defense Minister[edit]

Kyūma served as the Minister for Defense from 1996 to 1998 under then Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto. He served in a variety of LDP posts in Jun'ichirō Koizumi's cabinet.[4] He again became responsible for defence in September 2006.[5]

Controversial remarks[edit]

In September 2006, shortly after he was appointed Defense Minister, Kyūma stated that the Chinese military was a concern, contradicting earlier comments that he had made referring to China's military as a threat.[6]

In December 2006, Kyuma claimed that although former Prime Minister Jun'ichirō Koizumi supported the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, the invasion did not have the official support of the Japanese government. He later had to withdraw his remarks, admitting that the Japanese "Cabinet officially adopted a unified view supporting the U.S.-led war."[7] On 24 January 2007 he said that the U.S. decision to invade Iraq was a mistake.[8]

In January 2007 he criticized the United States over not getting the approval of Okinawa's governor during efforts to relocate the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma. The base and its relocation has been a source of friction between the residents of Okinawa and the U.S. government.[9]

Resignation[edit]

Kyūma resigned as Defense Minister on 3 July 2007 for remarks made at Reitaku University in Kashiwa, Chiba Prefecture on 30 June. In this speech, he stated "I now have come to accept in my mind that in order to end the war, it could not be helped that an atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki and that countless numbers of people suffered great tragedy." He appeared on a Fuji TV morning news show on 1 July, saying he did not think an apology would be necessary, but he apologized later the same day. When this would not calm the critics, Kyūma finally submitted his resignation on 3 July.[10] Asked about the reason for his resignation, Kyūma is quoted as saying that he did not want his comments to become a "minus" for the Prime Minister.[11] Yuriko Koike was appointed his successor the same day.[12]

Honours[edit]

From the Japanese Wikipedia

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Hideo Usui
Minister of State, Head of the Japan Defence Agency
1996-1998
2006-January 2007
Succeeded by
Fukushirō Nukaga
Preceded by
Fukushirō Nukaga
Office abolished
New creation Minister of Defence
January 2007 - July 2007
Succeeded by
Yuriko Koike
House of Representatives of Japan
New district Representative for Nagasaki 2nd district
1996–2009
Succeeded by
Eriko Fukuda
Preceded by
Tadashi Kuranari
Shigemitsu Nakamura
Takeo Nishioka
Yoshinori Taniguchi
Masayoshi Kobuchi
Representative for Nagasaki 1st district (multi-member)
1980–1996
Served alongside: Takeo Nishioka, Tadashi Kuranari, Yoshiaki Takaki, ...
District eliminated
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mitsuo Horiuchi
Chairman of the LDP General Affairs Committee
2004–2006
Succeeded by
Yūya Niwa