Funabashi, Chiba

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Funabashi
船橋市
Core city
LaLaPort shopping mall in Funabashi
LaLaPort shopping mall in Funabashi
Flag of Funabashi
Flag
Official seal of Funabashi
Seal
Location of Funabashi in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Funabashi in Chiba Prefecture
Funabashi is located in Japan
Funabashi
Funabashi
 
Coordinates: 35°42′N 139°59′E / 35.700°N 139.983°E / 35.700; 139.983Coordinates: 35°42′N 139°59′E / 35.700°N 139.983°E / 35.700; 139.983
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Chiba Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Koshichi Fujishiro
Area
 • Total 85.64 km2 (33.07 sq mi)
Population (April 1, 2012)
 • Total 610,572
 • Density 7,130/km2 (18,500/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Postal code(s) 273 or 274
Area code(s) 047-4
- Tree Camellia sasanqua
- Flower Camellia sasanqua
Phone number 047-436-2111
Address 2-10-25 Minatocho
Funabashi-shi,
273-8501
Website www.city.funabashi.chiba.jp

Funabashi (船橋市 Funabashi-shi?) is a city located in northwestern Chiba Prefecture, Japan.

As of April 2012, the city has an estimated population of 610,572 and a population density of 7,130 persons per km². The total area is 85.64 km². It is the 7th most populous city in Greater Tokyo.

Geography[edit]

Funabashi is located in northwestern Chiba Prefecture and makes up one part of the Shimōsa Plateau. The city sits 20–30 meters above sea level, and is relatively flat. Funabashi is crossed by the Tone River, and the small Ebi River is located entirely within city limits. Funabashi formerly had wide, shallow beaches, but much of the coast has been industrialized and transformed by reclaimed land.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

The name "Funabashi" is mentioned in the Kamakura period chronicle Azuma Kagami. However, the name itself is even more ancient, dating from before the Nara period and the Yamatotakeru mythology. Archaeologists have found stone tools from the Japanese Paleolithic period and shell middens from the Jomon period in the area, indicating continuous inhabitation for thousands of years. A number of Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples in the area claim to have been founded in the Nara period or Heian period. During the Muromachi periods, the area was controlled by the Chiba clan. During the Sengoku period, the Chiba clan fought the Satomi clan to the south, and the Late Hojo clan to the west. After the defeat of the Chiba clan, the area came within the control of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Under the Tokugawa shogunate, the area prospered as a post town on the river crossing of the Tone River, and was largely retained as tenryo under the direct control of the Shogunate and administered through a number of hatamoto. The area was also a favored hunting grounds for the Shogun. During the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, Funabashi was the location of a minor skirmish between Tokugawa loyalists under Enomoto Takeaki and the pro-Imperial forces of Okayama Domain and Satsuma Domain, during which most of the town burned down.

After the abolition of the han system, the area eventually became part of Chiba Prefecture. Funabashi Town was one of several towns and villages created on April 1, 1889 under Inba District. The area developed rapidly due to its proximity to Tokyo and the presence of numerous military facilities in the area. On April 1, 1937, Funabashi was elevated to city status through merger with neighboring Katsushika Town and Yasakae, Hoden and Tsukada Villages. The new city was host to numerous military installations in World War II, and was bombed in the air raids on Japan in 1945.

The city developed rapidly in the postwar period, with the development of industries, public housing developments and port facilities. With the annexation of neighboring Ninomiya Town in 1953, the population exceeded 100,000. The population exceeded 300,000 in 1969 and 500,000 in 1982. Funabashi was designated a core city on April 1, 2005 with increased local autonomy from the central government. The population exceeded 600,000 in 2006.

Economy[edit]

Funabashi is a regional commercial center and, due to its numerous train connections, a bedroom community for nearby Chiba and Tokyo.

Education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Higashi-Funabashi - Funabashi - Nishi-Funabashi - Shimōsa-Nakayama

Highway[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Notable structures[edit]

Notable places [edit]

Notable people from Funabashi[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]