Funeral Crown

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
King Sigismund III on catafalque displayed in the Guard Chamber at the Royal Castle in Warsaw, 1632

The so-called Funeral Crown, also known under its Latin name as the Corona Funebris or Funebralis, was a part of the Polish Crown Jewels.[1] It was probably lost before 1669.

History[edit]

The crown was executed around 1586 for funeral ceremonies to Stephen Báthory of Poland and was bequeathed to the State Treasury of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth at the end of the 16th century.[2] It was described in an inventory from the early seventeenth century as silver gilded funeral crown with an orb and sceptrum and an inscription of King Stephen.[2] The crown was intended for funeral ceremonies of the Polish monarchs and was placed on the corpse of the deceased, laying in the so-called Castrum doloris.[3] When the last of the Jagiellons, Sigismund II Augustus, died in Knyszyn and transport of the Crown Jewels from the treasury in Kraków to Podlaskie was impossible, the so-called Hungarian Crown was used as an exequial crown instead.[4]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rożek 1987, p. 82
  2. ^ a b Rożek 1987, p. 81
  3. ^ Zygmunt Gloger (1902). Encyklopedja staropolska ilustrowana (in Polish). Druk P. Laskauere i. W. Babickiego. p. 40. 
  4. ^ Rożek 1987, p. 80

Bibliography[edit]

  1. Rożek, Michał (1987), Polskie koronacje i korony (Polish coronations and crowns) (in Polish), Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza, ISBN 83-03-01914-7 .

Further reading[edit]

  • Jerzy Lileyko. Regalia Polskie. Warszawa 1987. ISBN 83-03-02021-8 (Polish)
  • Janusz Miniewicz. Tajemnica polskich koron. Czy jest szansa ich odnalezienia?. Nowy Sącz 2006. ISBN 83-924034-2-8 (Polish)
  • Michał Rożek. Polskie koronacje i korony. Kraków 1987. ISBN 83-03-01914-7 (Polish)