Funkstown, Maryland

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Town of Funkstown, Maryland
Town
Location of Funkstown, Maryland
Location of Funkstown, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°36′33″N 77°42′27″W / 39.60917°N 77.70750°W / 39.60917; -77.70750Coordinates: 39°36′33″N 77°42′27″W / 39.60917°N 77.70750°W / 39.60917; -77.70750
Country United States
State Maryland
County Washington
Area[1]
 • Total 0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)
 • Land 0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 495 ft (151 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 904
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 885
 • Density 2,511.1/sq mi (969.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 21734
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-31100
GNIS feature ID 0590264

Funkstown is a town in Washington County, Maryland, United States. The population was 904 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Originally 88 acres (360,000 m2) were sold to Henry Funk by Frederick Calvert in 1754 and settled as Jerusalem.[4][5] Funck’s Jerusalem Town

The plan for a village named “Jerusalem,” bounded on three sides by the Antietam Creek, was unveiled by Jacob Funck in 1767. The town boasted 177 lots, each being 82 feet 6 inches wide and 231 feet in length with one exception, lot #43 which by necessity was smaller. Shortly afterwards, lots were for sale and the town soon had fifteen log houses. Early residents referred to it as ‘Funck’s Jerusalem Town’ which became part of Washington County in 1776. Work on a comfortable stone house of the proprietor of Jerusalem Town was completed in 1769. Jacob Funck, his wife Ann, and their family of four girls and two boys moved into their new residence on lot #165, now designated as 35 West Baltimore Street. Since its very beginning, Funkstown was known for its mills. Their first mill was built in 1762. It was flourmill operated by Henry Funck. By 1785 Jerusalem was home for an iron furnace, brickyard, powder factory, grist and woolen mills and a host of inns and shops. The last mill built in 1859 was a flourmill which burned in September 1929. It was run by the Antietam Mill Company. Jacob Funck was a Washington County Representative to the Maryland House of Delegates, 1785-1787. He divested himself of all land holdings in Washington County in 1791. That year, he and his family moved to Jefferson County, Kentucky where they lived until his death at the age of 67 in 1794. Dr. Christian Borestler settled in Jerusalem around 1784. He brought with him 70 German families that settled in the community. Needless to say, German was the predominant language spoken. Catawba, Delaware, Cherokee and Powhatan Indians lived in and traveled through this area hunting, fishing and farming. Antietam Creek is named after these Native Americans. Funck’s Town – Funkstown The first post office was established in Funck’s Town on December 24, 1816. In 1823 the Old National Pike was built through Funck’s Town and the first of two stone arch bridges was constructed over the Antietam Creek. The first was built in 1823 by James Lloyd to allow traffic on the Old National Pike to pass over the creek on its way toward the Allegheny Mountains The Town was incorporated as “Funkstown” in 1840.

The Civil War Battle of Funkstown took place July 10, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign as Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia retreated toward Virginia in the week following the Battle of Gettysburg. Union forces of the Army of the Potomac attacked the rear guard of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during its retreat from Pennsylvania following the Battle of Gettysburg. A strong Confederate presence at Funkstown threatened any Union advance against Gen. Robert E. Lee’s position near Williamsport and the Potomac River as he retreated to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry, posted at Funkstown, posed a serious risk to the Federal right and rear if the Union army lunged west from Boonsboro. Stuart, meanwhile, determined to wage a spirited defense to ensure Lee time to complete fortifications protecting his army and his avenue of retreat. As Brig. Gen. John Buford’s Federal cavalry division cautiously approached Funkstown via the National Road on Friday morning July 10, 1863, it encountered Stuart’s crescent-shaped, three-mile-long battle line. It was Stuart’s first defensive battle since reentering Maryland. The high ground constituted Stuart’s extreme right, held by Preston Chew’s horse artillery. A nearby stone barn and barnyard wall proved a superb defensive position for the 34th Virginia Battalion’s dismounted cavalry. Col. Thomas C. Devin’s dismounted Union cavalry brigade attacked about 8:00 a.m. By mid-afternoon, with Buford’s cavalrymen running low on ammunition and gaining little ground, Col. Lewis A. Grant’s First Vermont Brigade of infantry arrived and jabbed at the Confederate center less than one mile away. Unbeknownst to the Vermonters, Gen. George T. Anderson’s Confederate brigade now faced them, the first time opposing infantry had clashed since the Battle of Gettysburg. By early evening, the Union Army began withdrawing south towards Beaver Creek. Stuart had kept the Federals at bay for yet another day. The day-long battle east of the road resulted in 479 casualties. The Chaney house served as a hospital. At the Keller home, Confederate Major Henry D. McDaniel, later the governor of Georgia, survived his wounds. Joseph Stonebreaker, a resident of Funkstown and witness of the event wrote: “The wounded were brought into town and Mrs. Chaney’s large dwelling was taken for a hospital. The Surgeons had a table in the yard under some trees and amputated arms and legs like sawing limbs from a tree. It was a terrible sight.” Soldiers from both sides were treated by residents of the town. Funkstown continued to grow in the twentieth century. However with the coming of railroads, the once bustling community of inns and mills became a quiet residential town. In 1919 J.C. Weisner began efforts to create a memorial for World War I casualties. In 1921, the Funkstown Memorial was erected at the main square. The western Maryland Community still reflects the charm and beauty that attracted the early German settlers. Many of the original historic houses and buildings are still in use as private homes, public buildings, quaint shops and businesses.

Interesting Facts......

.. the first electric car operated to the Funkstown Bridge was in the year 1898 and the first through Funkstown was in 1901, and that service was discontinued in 1938?

.. the first electric lights were turned on in the old Methodist Church in the year 1899?

.. the first automobile of the town was owned by Theo. McCoy, and the first pipeless furnace was installed in the Lutheran Church?

.. the first Burgess was Winfred (Daddy) Glass and the first lamp lighter was John Kindle?

.. the first radio with tube and speaker was owned by Glenn Williams?

.. the first Charter for an organized Fire Department was granted to Funkstown By the Maryland Legislature on February 20, 1827? (This Charter was never dissolved.)

.. the present Fire Company was organized on May 22, 1930?

.. the first macadam road built in America was between Funkstown and Boonsboro in 1823. The paving consisted of stones broken by hand to a size so small that they could be passed through a three inch ring and weighing no more than four ounces. The stones were graded to a depth of nine inches and a width of twenty feet.

.. the Funkstown Post Office was established ob December 24, 1816 with Henry Ohr as Postmaster?

.. the Methodist Church was built on the corner of Antietam and Chestnut Streets in 1840?

.. Cinderella born September 1832 and died June 26, 1852 is buried in the East side for the Funkstown Cemetery?

.. the Union Reformed and Lutheran Church was located on Cemetery Street in 1771. The Lutheran Congregation built a new church on Baltimore Street in 1850. The German Reformed Church was forced to relocate when Their building was destroyed by fire on August 3, 1859. They also relocated on Baltimore Street. The Civil War delayed completion of their structure until 1864. The house at 16 W. Cemetery St. remained a church until it burned down a second time, finally being rebuilt into the existing house in 1913.

Geography[edit]

Funkstown is located at 39°36′33″N 77°42′27″W / 39.60917°N 77.70750°W / 39.60917; -77.70750 (39.609096, -77.707527)[6], on Antietam Creek, south of Hagerstown.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.36 square miles (0.93 km2), all of it land.[1] Antietam Creek flows to the south within the city limits.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Funkstown has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[7]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 904 people, 417 households, and 226 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,511.1 inhabitants per square mile (969.5 /km2). There were 460 housing units at an average density of 1,277.8 per square mile (493.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 1.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.

There were 417 households of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.8% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.76.

The median age in the town was 46.2 years. 17.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 35.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 983 people, 441 households, and 253 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,880.3 people per square mile (1,116.3/km²). There were 464 housing units at an average density of 1,359.6 per square mile (526.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.76% White, 0.61% African American, 0.31% Asian, 0.51% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

There were 441 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.6% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the town the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,278, and the median income for a family was $45,197. Males had a median income of $30,438 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,544. About 8.4% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  4. ^ Morse, Jedidiah; "The American Gazetteer", Thomas & Andrews, 1810
  5. ^ Municipal History
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Funkstown, Maryland
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]