Furcraea

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Furcraea
Starr 041120-0950 Furcraea foetida.jpg
Furcraea foetida in Hawaii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Furcraea
Vent.
Type species
Furcraea cubensis
(Jacq.) Vent.[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Funium Willemet
  • Fourcroya Spreng.
  • Roezlia Laurentius

Furcraea is a genus of succulent plants belonging to the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae,[3] native to tropical regions of Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and northern South America. Some species are also naturalized in parts of Africa, Florida, Portugal, Thailand, India, and Australia, as well as on various oceanic islands.[2][4]

Plants of this genus are the origin of fique or cabuyo, a natural fiber.

Species include:[2]

  1. Furcraea acaulis (Kunth) B.Ullrich - Venezuela
  2. Furcraea andina Trel. in L.H.Bailey - Peru, Ecuador
  3. Furcraea antillana A.Álvarez - Cuba, hispaniola
  4. Furcraea boliviensis Ravenna - Bolivia
  5. Furcraea cabuya Trel. - tropical Mexico, Central America, Venezuela
  6. Furcraea depauperata Jacobi - Mexico but apparently extinct
  7. Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. (Mauritius Hemp) - southern Caribbean; widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere
  8. Furcraea guatemalensis Trel. - southern Mexico, Central America
  9. Furcraea guerrerensis Matuda - Guerrero
  10. Furcraea hexapetala (Jacq.) Urb., (Cuban Hemp) - southern Mexico, West Indies, Venezuela, Ecuador, Galápagos
  11. Furcraea longaeva Karw. & Zucc. - Puebla, Oaxaca
  12. Furcraea macdougalii Matuda - Puebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas
  13. Furcraea martinezii García-Mend. & L.de la Rosa - Guerrero
  14. Furcraea niquivilensis Matuda ex García-Mend - Chiapas
  15. Furcraea occidentalis Trel. - Peru
  16. Furcraea parmentieri (Roezl) García-Mend. - southern Mexico
  17. Furcraea quicheensis Trel. - Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras
  18. Furcraea samalana Trel. - Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador
  19. Furcraea selloa K.Koch (Wild Sisal) - Colombia, Ecuador; naturalized in Tamaulipas, Florida, Andaman Islands, India, Queensland
  20. Furcraea stratiotes Petersen - Nicaragua
  21. Furcraea stricta Jacobi - Trinidad, Colombia, Brazil
  22. Furcraea tuberosa (Mill.) Aiton (Female Karata)- West Indies; naturalized in South Africa
  23. Furcraea undulata Jacobi - tropical Mexico, El Salvador

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Britton, Flora of Bermuda 80 (1918)
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Agavoideae 
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps, Furcraea spp.