|• ISO 259||P̄ureidis|
|• Type||Local council|
|• Total||2,690 dunams (2.69 km2 or 1.04 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||meaning "The little Paradise"|
A cave above the old part of Fureidis on the western slope of the Carmel was found to contain fragments of pottery from the Chalcolithic period, including large bowls, jars, ossuary fragments and a pale pink limestone pendant. It appears to have been used as a dwelling and a burial cave. The artifacts in the cave attest to the presence of a settlement from the pre-Ghassulian period.
During the late Ottoman period, in 1859, the English consul Rogers estimated the population to be 200, who cultivated 18 feddans of land. In 1870, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village. He estimated it had one hundred and forty people, mostly shepherds and woodcutters, some who also cultivated the land.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al Feridis had a population of 335; all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 454; still all Muslims, in a total of 98 houses.
In 1945 the population of Fureidis consisted of 780 Arabs and the land area was 4,450 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 365 dunams were designated for plantations and irrigable land, 1,717 for cereals, while 6 dunams were built-up areas.
Fureidis is one of the few Arab villages on Palestine's coast left intact after the 1948 war. During the conflict, it received a great number of refugees from nearby villages, including Tantura, and was repeatedly considered for assault by Israeli forces. However, residents of local Jewish settlements, in particular Zichron Yaakov requested that Fureidis (and the neighbouring village of Jisr az-Zarqa) be allowed to remain, as they had traditionally had good relations with the Yishuv, and a large number of residents from Fureidis worked as hired labour on Jewish farms.
As of the census of 2008, Fureidis had 10,800 residents, of whom 99.6% were Muslim Arabs.
According to data released by the Israeli Ministry of Education based on a 2008 census of high school matriculation scores, Fureidis had a 75.85% eligibility rate, greatly exceeding the accomplishments of most Jewish towns. The national eligibility rate in 2008-2009 was 44.4 percent of all 17-year-olds. Fureidis won third place in the national ranking. Hossni Abu Dahash, the town's high school principal, said the school had organized a marathon study program to prepare 12th graders for their matriculation exam.
Ibtisam Mahammed of Fureidis was awarded the Dalai Lama's Unsung Heroes of Compassion prize for her efforts to promote peace between Arabs and Jews. For many years Mahammed has been organizing Jewish and Arab women's circles to promote dialogue. She heads several women's peace organizations and has fought on behalf of battered women in Arab society.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 146
- Another Paradise Casts Out a Feisty Woman, By Talya Halkin, 2003, The Forward
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 52-53, noting that the 3rd grave was very similar to the one at Kh. Ibreitas, see Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 31
- Yannai, 2007, El-Fureidis
- Spivak, 2008, El-Fureidis Region, Survey
- Torge, 2011, Horbat Tawwasim
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 41
- Guérin, 1875, p. 305
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34
- Mills, 1932, p. 90
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 47
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 90
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 140
- "Population Profile Fureidis" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics, Israel. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Matriculation gap widens, By Or Kashti, Aug. 11, 2009, Haaretz
- Fureidis bus boycott, By Ariel Rubinsky, Jun. 17, 2008, Haaretz
- Israel's unsung female heroes By Ofri Ilani, Jun. 8, 2009, Haaretz
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fureidis.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (1994): "1948 and After." ISBN 0-19-827929-9. (Chapter 8, p. 257-289: The Case of Abu Ghosh and Beit Naqquba, Al Fureidis and Jisr Zarka in 1948 -or Why Four Villages Remained.)
- Oren, Eliran (2010-02-02). "Horbat Tafat" (122). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Spivak, Polina (2008-05-29). "El-Fureidis Region, Survey" (120). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Torge, Hagit (2011-10-23). "Horbat Tawwasim" (123). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Yannai, Eli (2007-04-18). "El-Fureidis" (119). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Welcome To Fureidis
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 8: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Fureidis, Paradise Lost, a documentary by Ebtisam Mara’ana