Furen Literary Society

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Furen Literary Society
HK Central Gage Street Pak Tsz Lane Sun Yat Sen Historical Trail 3.JPG
Pak Tsz Lane, the original site of the Furen Literary Society, is now the 8th spot of the Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail
Traditional Chinese 輔仁文社

The Furen Literary Society, also known as the Chinese Patriotic Mutual Improvement Association, or the 'Furen Cultural Society Restoration Association (Foo Yan Man Ser Kwong Fook Hui)', was founded in Colonial Hong Kong in 1892 to spread ideas of revolution against the Qing dynasty and establishing a republic in China.

It was founded by Yeung Ku-wan, together with Tse Tsan-tai and others, with Yeung as their leader. The guiding principles of the society were: "Open up the people's minds" (開通民智) and "Ducit Amor Patriae" (盡心愛國, "Love your country with all your heart"). Other tenets were:

  • To purify the character in the highest possible degree
  • To prohibit indulgences in the vices of the world
  • To set an example for future young Chinese
  • To improve in all possible ways Chinese and foreign knowledge both in a civil and a military point of view
  • To obtain a good knowledge of western science and learning: and
  • To learn how to be and act as a patriot and how to wipe out the unjust wrong our country has suffered.

The society met in Pak Tsz Lane, Central, Hong Kong, and released books and papers discussing the future of China and advocating the overthrow of the Qing dynasty government and establishment of a republic in China.

In November 1894, Sun Yat-sen founded the Revive China Society in Honolulu, Hawaii, and, in 1895, the Furen Literary Society was merged into the Hong Kong chapter of the Revive China Society, with help from Yau Lit. Yeung Kui-wan and Sun became respectively President and Secretary of the Revive China Society.

A memorial park (Pak Tsz Lane Park) to the early revolutionists of the Furen Literary was opened in May, 2011 - just in time for the centenary anniversary of the Xinhai Revolution, which realised the dreams of the members of the Furen Literary Society.

Members[edit]

The Society had 16 members, the details of whom 14 are known:

Member From Educated Work Note Fate
* Yeung Ku-wan (楊衢雲) Haicheng, Fujian; born in Fumen Walled City, Dongguan, Guangdong St. Paul's College teaching staff of St. Joseph's College, chief secretary of China Merchants' Steam Navigation Company, vice-manager of the Sassoon Maritime Company leader of the Society, President of the Hong Kong chapter of Revive China Society Assassinated 1901 by Qing agents
* Tse Tsan-tai (謝纘泰) Hoiping, Guangdong, born in Sydney, Australia Government Central School secretary of Public Works Department, Hong Kong Treasurer of Hong Kong Revive China Society
* Chan Fan (陳芬) Government Central School interpreter for Hong Kong Government
* Chow Chiu-ngok (周昭岳) Namhoi, Guangdong Government Central School a businessman member of the Hong Kong chapter of Revive China Society
* Wong Kwok-yu (黃國瑜) Namhoi, Guangdong Government Central School interpreter of Hong Kong Government
* Law Man-yuk (羅文玉) Shuntak, Guangdong Government Central School teaching staff of St. Joseph's College
* Wen Tsung-yao (溫宗堯) Sunning, Guangdong Government Central School teaching staff of the Government Central School participated in the Independence Army uprising Died 1947 in Nanjing jail
* Luk King-fo (陸敬科) Shiuhing, Guangdong The Government Central School teaching staff of the Government Central School
* Lau Yin-bun (劉燕賓) St. Joseph's College chief secretary of Ping Kee Shipping Company
* Wu Gon-chi (胡幹之) Punyü, Guangdong St. Paul's College comprador of the Sassoon Maritime Company
* Ho Yu-minh (何汝明) Heungshan, Guangdong St. Paul's College teaching staff of St. Paul's College
* Wong Wing-seung (黃詠商) Heungshan, Guangdong St. Paul's College President of Revive China Society
* Yau Lit (尢列) Shuntak, Guangdong Canton Academy of Mathematics secretary of Secretariat for Chinese Affairs (now the Home Affairs Bureau, Hong Kong)
* Chan Wai-fan (陳鏸勳) Namhoi, Guangdong author of Hong Kong Collections (香港雜記)

See also[edit]