Furfura Sharif

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Furfura Sharif
ফুরফুরা শরীফ
Village
Furfura Sharif is located in West Bengal
Furfura Sharif
Furfura Sharif
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°44′N 88°08′E / 22.74°N 88.13°E / 22.74; 88.13Coordinates: 22°44′N 88°08′E / 22.74°N 88.13°E / 22.74; 88.13
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 6,720
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 712406
Telephone code 91 3212
Website www.furfurasharif.com

Furfura Sharif (also known as Furfura, Phurphura) is a village in Jangipara community development block of Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly District in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a holy place for Muslims.

History[edit]

The mosque built by Muqlish Khan in 1375 is a site for Muslim pilgrimage, especially during the Pir’s mela (fair).[1] It attracts a large number of pilgrims during Urs festival.[2]

Muslims in the area are believed to be chiefly Ashrafs and are said to be descendants of Muslims who invaded Bengal in the 14th century. There is a tradition that the Bagdi king who ruled here was defeated by Hazrat Shah Kabir Halibi and Hazrat Karamuddin, both of whom were killed in the battle. Their tombs are revered to this day by both Hindus and Muslims.[3]

Furfura Sharif contains the Mazaar Sharif (Tomb) of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique(Rah.) [4] and his five sons, popularly known as the 'Panch Huzur Keblah (Rah.)]'. Thousands of people from all over India come to visit their tombs every day.

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique(Rah.) was born in 1846 in Furfura-Sharif. He was a direct descendant of the first Khalif of Islam, Syedena Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique(Rad.).[5][6] Coincidentally he bore the same name. He was a social and religious reformer, so he was also known as 'Mujaddid-e-Zaman'. He founded many charitable institutes, orphanages and free health center. He was also a great educationist who realized that it is through education he can free the society of all evils and so he founded several madrasas, schools and learning centers. In Furfura Sharif he established Madrasa, along with free boarding facilities for the underprivileged students. He encouraged female education by establishing a School for girls in Furfura Sharif named "Siddiqua High School". His contributions were recognized by several historians and literati. A journal, “The Muslim Digest”, published from Durban in South Africa, acknowledges him as an “illustrious, religious leader- fearless, God intoxicated and selfless as a preacher, he would never attack other religions.... and endeared himself to people from other communities and castes”. He was a great patriot and was involved in the freedom struggle of India.

He was the founder of the "Order Of Furfura Sharif" or "Silsila-e-Furfura Sharif". He belonged to the Ahle-Sunnat-Wal-Jamaat school of thoughts. He was also the founder of the religious congregation, which is still observed on the 21st 22nd and 23rd of Falgun Bengali month (Approx 5th, 6th & 7 March) every year by his grandsons. He did not prefer calling this congregation a "Urs" but rather prefer it being called "Isale-Sawab"[7][8]

In the year 1939 on 17 March he died leaving behind his five sons, millions of mourners all over the globe and a mission-“to serve the people”.

Social Work[edit]

Furfura Sharif Mujaddedia Saadat Mission[9] was founded in 1997 by the Pir of Furfura Sharif, Hafez Maulana Md Sebgatullah Siddique s/o Sultanul Arefeen Hazrat Md Najmus Saadat Siddique (Rh),[10] fourth son of Mujaddid Abu Bakr Siddique (Rh) of Furfura Sharif. The soul aim of the organization is to serve the have-nots of the society, keeping in mind the Fifth Pillar of Islam, i.e. Zakāt, which makes helping the downtrodden people a mandatory duty for all Muslims. The organization is spread all over West Bengal,India and all over Bangladesh. It has branches in different districts of West Bengal and Bangladesh. Some of the main works undertaken by our organization

  • Free Medical clinic and distribution of free medicine (both Allopathy and Homeopathy)
  • Distribution of Food to the poor
  • Distribution of Cloths to the poor
  • One time financial assistance to downtrodden people in need
  • Making people self-employed by arranging business for them (self-employment)
  • Providing free education (Free Tuition Centers, Providing for the Education expenses, Free Distribution of academic books)
  • Meditaion Centres (Majlis-e-Muraqaba)
Furfura Mazar

Geography[edit]

Furfura is located at 22°44′N 88°08′E / 22.74°N 88.13°E / 22.74; 88.13

Villages in Furfura panchayat are as follows: Furfura, Purba Durgapur, Gopalnagar, Hosenpur, Dakshindihi, Rampara, Toralpur, Chak Barada, Belpara, Ramnagar, Nilarpur, Charpur, Bakcha, Kashipur, Ramchandrapur, Hazipur, and Bhimpur.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Furfura had a population of 6,720 out of which 1,133 belonged to scheduled castes and 195 belonged to scheduled tribes.[11]

Education[edit]

Furfura High Madrasah, established in 1908, is the oldest high madrasah in the district.[12]

The Calcutta Madrasah controls three other “madrasah colleges” in the state — the “colleges” at Batna (in Malda district), Beldanga (in Murshidabad district) and Furfura Sharif. With the introduction of “modern subjects” including computer application, the teachers for these colleges will now be recruited through the Public Service Commission.[13]

Sk Md Rofiqul Islam, Assistant Teacher and Teacher-in-Charge, Furfura Fatehia Senior Madrasah won the National Award for Teachers in 2007.[14] It is because of this efforts that the institution is considered to be one of the best in the state. Amalgamating technology with traditional Islamic education, the madrasah not only offers computer science to its students, but also mobile repairing training to make its students self-reliant.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hooghly District". Places of Interest. District administration. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  2. ^ "West Bengal Tourism Policy, 2008". Fairs and Festivals Tourism. Government of West Bengal, Department of Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  3. ^ A Brief History of the Hughli District By D. G. Crawford. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  4. ^ Choudhury, Dewan Nurul Anwar Hussain. "Siddiqi, Abdul Hai". Banglapedia. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  5. ^ "Family Tree Of Hazrat Mujaddid Jaman Md.Abu Bakar Siddique(Rah.)". Furfurasharif.com. Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  6. ^ "সাজরা শরীফ". Furfurasharif.com. Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  7. ^ Qadri, M. Aqib Farid. "Conveying Rewards to the Deceased (Isaale Sawaab)". Islamic Academy. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  8. ^ "Dariapur Sharif's Isale Sawab on Jan 17". Financial Express, 14 January 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  9. ^ "Furfura Sharif Mujaddedia Saadat Mission". Furfurasharif.com. Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  10. ^ "Hazrat Abu Najm Md Najmus Saadat Siddique (Nawa Huzoor) Rh". Furfurasharif.com. Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  11. ^ a b "Census Data District Name: Hooghly(12) Block Name: Jangipara (0016)". West Bengal Govt. Retrieved 2009-02-04. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Contents showing the district-wise total number of different types of Madrasahs recognised by West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education as on 30.04.2001". Hooghly District. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  13. ^ Shamsi, Mohammed Shafi. "Finally, Calcutta Madrasa gets status of college". Indian Express, 3 March 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  14. ^ "National Award to Teachers, 2007". Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development, (Department of School Education & Literacy). Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  15. ^ Singh, Shiv Sahay. "16 state teachers to be honoured by Centre". Indian Express, 5 September 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 

External links[edit]

External links[edit]