Furness Withy

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Furness Withy
Industry Transport
Fate Acquired
Successors Orient Overseas Container Line
Founded 1891
Defunct 1980
Headquarters Hartlepool, UK
Key people

Christopher Furness
Henry Withy

Sir James Steel (Chairman)
Website Furness Withy (Chartering) Ltd.

Furness Withy was a major British transport business. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange.

History[edit]

The Company was founded by Christopher Furness and Henry Withy (1852-1922) in 1891 in Hartlepool.[1] This was achieved by the amalgamation of the Furness Line of steamers with the business of Edward Withy and Co., iron and steel shipbuilders and repairers, of West Hartlepool, which was founded by Edward Withy (1844-1927), Henry Withy's brother.[2] An early acquisition in 1900 was a controlling interest in Richardsons Westgarth & Company, a marine engineering business.[2] It started with 18 vessels and over the subsequent years it owned in excess of a thousand ships.[3] It bought the Prince line in 1916.[1] The Furness family sold its interests in the Company to a consortium led by Frederick Lewis, a Director in the business, in 1919.[1]

Furness, Withy acquired the Red Cross Line in 1928 and Royal Mail Lines (formerly Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, once the largest shipping group in the world) in 1965.[4] In 1968 it went on to buy the Houlder Group, a company with offshore oil interests.[5]

In 1969 British and Commonwealth Shipping, Furness Withy, P&O and The Ocean Steamship Company established Overseas Containers Limited to exploit containerisation.[6] Furness Withy bought Manchester Liners in 1970.[7]

The Company was acquired by the Orient Overseas Container Line of Hong Kong in 1980.[3]

Ships and services[edit]

Furness, Withy operated both tramp and liner services. The latter included transatlantic Royal Mail and passenger routes, initially from West Hartlepool to Boston and New York, and later from Liverpool to St John's, Newfoundland, Halifax, Nova Scotia and Boston. The Liverpool — Boston route was worked by a pair of sister ships, RMS Newfoundland and RMS Nova Scotia. The first Newfoundland and Nova Scotia were built in 1925 and 1926 but were requisitioned in 1940 and 1941. Both were lost to enemy action: Nova Scotia as a troop ship in 1942; Newfoundland as a hospital ship in 1943.

A second Newfoundland and Nova Scotia were built as replacements in 1947 and served until 1962, when Furness, Withy sold them to Dominion Navigation Co. A third Newfoundland and Nova Scotia were built in 1964 and 1965, and were chartered to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line in 1973.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources and further reading[edit]

  • Burrell, David (1992). Furness Withy, 1891-1991. Kendal: World Ship Society. ISBN 0905617703. 
  • Haws, Duncan (2000). Furness Withy. Merchant Fleets 37. Crowborough: Travel Creatours Ltd. ISBN 094637838X. 
  • Haws, Duncan (2000). Furness Withy's Manchester Liners Houlders Alexander Prince & Rio Cape Lines. Merchant Fleets 38. Crowborough: Travel Creatours Ltd. ISBN 0946378398. 
  • Stoker, Robert B (1985). The Saga of Manchester Liners. Douglas: Kinglish Ltd. ISBN 0-9507480-2-1. 

External links[edit]