Furnos Maior and Furnos Minor

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Furnos was the name of two towns in the Roman province of Proconsular Africa (part of present-day Tunisia). They are referred to as Furnos Maior and Furnos Minor.

Each became a bishopric. The towns and the bishoprics disappeared after the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, but the bishoprics have been revived as titular sees.[1]

There are records of early bishops of one or other of the two sees. Third-century Geminius died shortly before Saint Cyprian; a Donatist Florentinus attended a conference in 411; and a Simeon was at the 525 Council of Carthage. Simeon belonged to Furnos Maior, but it is uncertain of which town the other two were bishops.[2][3]

The ruins of Furnos Minor are at Henchir-El-Msaadine, near Tebourba. Furnos Maior may have been at what is now Aïn-Fournou or Aïn-Fourna, more distant from Carthage.[1][2]

Victor of Vita recounts that in the persecution by the Vandals of Genseric in 430 or 431 Bishop Mansuetus of Urusi was martyred by being burned alive at the gate of Urusi known as the Porta Fornitana, the Furnos Gate.[4]

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